Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31st in 1875 at Nadiad in the present day state of Gujarat.

The House and room where Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born

One who shaped the Indian Union

The modern Indian Union owes its Shape and States to him. He is the founding Father of the Union of India.

Iron Man who united India

Sardar Patel played a major role in India’s Freedom struggle. After Independence, he united more than 500 kingdoms into 1 country – the modern India.

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Pre Partition British India Map

There is a common myth that it was the British who united India.

We have busted this myth in our book, Breaking The Myths.

When they left India, on 14th August 1947, there were 5 presidencies and about 555 kingdoms.

The credit to have made India a single political nation should go to Sardar Vallabhai Patel, for which he has been given the right honorific, “Iron Man of India”

We speak about his role in creating a Political India, in our book, Breaking The Myths – Vol-1 – About Identity.

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Father of Indian Civil Services

Sardar Patel was also instrumental in creating the IAS and IPS and is regarded as the Father of Indian Civil Services.

A Baristar in Law

He was a baristar at law who gave up his practice and joined Gandhi in freedom movement like many others of his times. The title Sardar was given to Vallabhbhai Patel by Mahatma Gandhi.

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Sardar Patel and Mahatma Gandhi

One who stood up to Jinnah

He was the one man who could stand up to Jinnah during those tumultuous pre-partition years. Interestingly both hailed from Gujarat.

Support of 14 Congress Provinces

Post Independence, Sardar Patel had the unanimous support of 14 Congress Provinces to become the first Prime Minister of India.

Great Prime Minister that India never had

It was on the insistence of Mahatma Gandhi that Sardar Patel stepped down and let Jawahar Lal Nehru become the first Prime Minister. This intervention of Mahatma Gandhi made India lose the opportunity of an elder statesman, the Iron Man Patel being the first Prime Minister of India. Today Sardar Patel is considered as the great Prime Minister that India never had.

Accession of Hyderabad

One of his great achievements was the accession of Hyderabad to India through police action.

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Police Action in Hyderabad

Sardar Patel – Geopolitics

Sardar Patel was a man who understood geopolitics of the land beyond his time.  He wrote a letter dated November 7th, 1950 to Nehru on how the aspiration of China on Tibet will change the very geopolitics of Asia. This letter became prophetic.

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Why Kashmir Problem Persists?

One area where Nehru did not allow Sardar to involve himself is Kashmir. Sadly, this is the pestering problem that India has been facing for the last many decades.

If he had been given a free hand as in other princely states, the Kashmir problem would have been solved in 1950 itself.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel passed away on 15th December, 1950.

Roads and Statues in name

Today, every city in India has a Road and statues in his name.

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A Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Kolkata

Stamp

The Government of India has released a stamp in his name.

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Sardar Patel Film

A Film ‘Sardar’ was released in the year 1993 on the Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

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Rashtriya Ektha Divas

Sardar Patel’s Birth Anniversary is truly the day to remember the unity that is India. In a fitting tribute to this great statesman, the Indian Government has declared his birthday as Rashtriya Ekatha Divas.

 

D K Hari and D K Hema Hari
Bharath Gyan

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World Savings Day

The World Savings Day was instituted by the first International Savings Bank Congress on October 31st, 1924. The day is dedicated to promote Savings among People.

Savings, Etymology

The word ‘Saving’ comes from the Greek word, Salvare, meaning ‘to make safe or secure.’

In Samskrt

In Samskrt, Savings is denoted by the word ‘Mitavyaya’. Mita means ‘little’ and Vyaya means expenditure. In other words, Mitavyaya, Savings means to ‘limit our expenditure’.

Gold, the Barometre

The timeless method of Savings in the Indian, Egyptian, Roman, Greek and Mayan civilizations was in the form of gold. It is the barometer of value from time immemorial, across civilizations

Strength of a civilization comes from its Savings

The strength of an economy not only comes from its production and consumption, but also from Savings. One of the features of a good economy is the Savings Potential of the people.

Savings inherent to India

India as a society knew the value of thrift. The ethos of India has always been towards Savings. Indian economy has been prosperous through the ages since people as a practice, saved water, grains, cattle, gold and knowledge.

In India, this reality of Savings has been lot more with the women folk.

Dutch and Scot

In Europe, among the different nationalities, the Dutch and Scots are looked up to as being thrifty.

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Thrifty Scots

Vasundhara bank

In the days of yore, there were as we know there were no banks. People saved gold, by safeguarding it in some nook or corner in their house and in the earth, in their garden. Since the earth is known as Vasundhara, this secret place of Savings have also been jocularly referred to as Vasundhara Bank.

Swiping Cards

In the current modern era of plastic money and credit cards, people are swiping, spending and are deep in debt and consequently low in Savings.

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People Swipe, Spend and are in Debt

Whereas, in Indian ethos, Savings has helped this civilization rejuvenate itself, wave after wave of plunder. This habit of Savings has been one of the key factors for its rejuvenation after each wave of plunder.

Savings for our Children and Grandchildren

On this Savings Day, let us recognize this and do little Savings for ourselves and for our generations to come. The way our father and forefathers saved not only the monetary items but also natural resources for our benefit, we need to save all this for our dear children and our dearer grandchildren.

Homi Jehangir Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha was born on 30th October 1909.

His achievements are not so well known outside the scientific community.

Father of Nuclear Programme

Popularly known as ‘The Father of Indian Nuclear Programme’, Bhabha established the institutions,

  1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and
  2. Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment

As the founder director of both these establishments, he played a key role in India’s first Nuclear Programme.

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Homi Jehangir Bhabha

Beginning of Nuclear Research

This nuclear physicist started his career in Britain, but returned to India just prior to World War 2 in 1939. He then joined the Indian Institute of Science, under Sir C V Raman.

Bhabha soon started the Cosmic Ray Research Unit in 1944 as a part of the Indian Institute of Science and conducted his researches in Nuclear field.

Founding TIFR & TAEE

In 1945, Bhabha established the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Mumbai and later the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment (TAEE) in 1954.

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Manufacturing Nuclear Weapons

Post-Independence, Bhabha let known his Nuclear Interests to the Congress Leaders and managed to convince the then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru to invest in his Nuclear Programme.

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Homi Bhabha with Jawahar Lal Nehru

Nehru appointed Bhabha as the director of India’s Nuclear Programme. Bhabha through his institutions soon revealed India’s nuclear capability to the outside world.

Other Passions

Apart from being a Nuclear Physicist that he was, there are other aspects to Bhabha’s life such as him being a painter and his passion for classical music.

Inspiring Legacy on Research

Homi Jehangir Bhabha died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc on his way to Vienna on 24th January 1966.

After his death, Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment was renamed as Bhabha Atomic Energy Establishment. Many other institutions came up in his name such as Homi Bhabha National Institute and Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education in Mumbai.

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Homi Bhabha Centre for Science and Education

As one of India’s greatest physicists, Bhabha inspired many scientists to undertake further research in the nuclear field and also in other streams like astronomy and electronics, which he had encouraged throughout his career. Today, for all the achievements that we have in the Nuclear Power, both in civil and defense, we owe our gratitude to Homi Bhabha who set India on the path of Nuclear self-prowess.

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First Day Cover & a commemorative postage stamp issued by India Post on father of Indian Nuclear Programme ‘Homi Jehangir Bhabha’ in 1966.

Swami Dayanand Sarasvati

Swami Dayanada Saraswati was born on 12 February 1824 at Tankara in Rajkot district of Gujarat.

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Swami Dayanand Sarasvati

Interpretation of Veda, A Monumental Effort

He interpreted the Veda for the modern world.

Across times, very few have interpreted the Veda for the people to understand. They have done so to explain them for the needs and times of their era.

Krishna Himself explained the Veda 5000 years ago.

Yaska did so a few thousand years ago.

Sayana Acharya who lived in the Vijayanagar kingdom around 1600 CE did so 400 years ago.

Max Muller took Sayana Acharya’s work and gave his own explanation in English and German.

Sri Aurobindo also explained the Veda during the freedom struggle.

Infact, Upanishads themselves are explanations of the Veda.

Explanation of the Veda has been a regular endeavour. Vedas need to be explained in contemporary perspectives.

Swami Dayananda Sarasvati carried out such an effort for the modern world. His contribution was such a monumental one.

Arya Samaj

The Arya Samaj, an offspring of his efforts was founded on 7th April 1875. This organization has spread to many countries in the last 140 years, propagating the Vedic knowledge of the land.

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 Arya Samaj

First to Refute Aryan Invasion Theory

Swami Dayanand Sarasvati was the first to refute the Aryan Invasion Theory, which was propagated by Max Muller and the British administrators to divide and rule India – a theory which has been discarded by all academicians of the world in the last few decades, except for a handful, still carrying a colonial baggage.

A Thinker, A Reformer

He was a thinker, a reformer, a person who understood the ethos of the ancient Vedic knowledge, the land and its people.

Swami Dayanand Sarasvati passed away on October 30th, 1883 at Ajmer, Rajasthan.

Kansa Vadh

Once upon a time, on the banks of the Yamuna, in the ancient city of Mathura, which was ruled by a despotic king called Kamsa, was born a dark and delightful baby boy, called Krishna. Krishna was born in the Vrishni family, in the lineage of Yadu.

Kansa Vadh

Devaki was the sister of the King Kamsa and Mathura was the capital of his kingdom.

Krishna was born to Princess Devaki and her husband, the noble man Vasudeva. Devaki was the sister of the King Kamsa and Mathura was the capital of his kingdom.

It had been prophesized that Kamsa’s doom would be wrought about by his own sister, Devaki’s eight child. Hence, Kamsa had imprisoned her with her husband and killed every one of her children as soon as they were born. Krishna was the eighth born child to Devaki and Vasudeva and He was born in the middle of the night in the prison of Kamsa.

Soon after Krishna’s birth, as though in answer to Devaki and Vasudeva’s earnest prayers to save Krishna from Kamsa, the prison cells opened and Vasudeva escaped from the prison with his just born son Krishna, carrying Him over his head. Vasudeva carried him on his head across the Yamuna River to Vrindavan.

Krishna thus reached the household of Nandagopa in Gokul, on the other side of the Yamuna.

Krishna and Balarama left Vrindavan for Mathura on Kamsa’s invitation when He was twelve. There Balarama and Krishna challenged Kamsa’s wrestlers, Mushtika and his wrestling partner Chanura to a wrestling bout – Mallayuddha. Mushtika and Chanura were killed in this bout. Krishna then took on the vile Kamsa and killed him.

This happened on a Shukla Paksha Dasami, i.e 10th phase of the brightening moon, in the month of Karthik.

It was a day when the prophecy of Kamsa’s death finally came true.

More on this in our book, “Historical Krishna”.

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Infantry Martyrs Day

Infantry

Infantry, also called “Queen of the Battle” is the largest armed division and the crux of the Indian Army. They face the crucial moments in any battle.

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Indian Infantry Force

In honour of our Infantry

Infantry Martyrs Day is observed in honour of those soldiers of the Indian Infantry, who gave up their lives saving our territory in Kashmir, while fighting Pakistani aggression.

Pakistani tribals and Army occupy Kashmir

In the year 1957, around 4000 Pakistani tribals supported by the Pakistan Army invaded Kashmir in an “Operation Gulmarg”, with the aim of seizing the region from India.

Accession of Kashmir to India

At that moment, the then King of Kashmir requested the Government of India to help protect the sovereignty of the land. The Maharaja of Kashmir signed the “Instrument of Accession” with India allowing the state of Jammu and Kashmir to accede to Independent India. This was thus the first aggression that Independent India had to face.

Infantry Martyrs Day 2

The then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru gave orders to the Indian Army to protect the sovereignty of the nation.

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Jawahar Lal Nehru with the then army General Kulwant Singh

India’s Victory

The first battalion of Indian soldiers arrived in Srinagar on October 27th the year 1947, to save Kashmir from the invasion of Pakistan troops. The Indian Army launched their retaliation against the Pakistan Army. The entire Battle was centered on the Infantry.

Indian Army in Action during the War

In an encounter that followed, the Pakistan Army were forced to eat a humble pie by the Indian forces and were pushed back into their territory. Kashmir was saved from occupation by the Infantry Martyrs.

The day our Infantry force landed in Kashmir for the battle, i.e, 27th October is observed as Infantry Martyrs Day every year.

Chhath Puja

A Festival to Thank the Sun

Chhath Puja is a popular ‘Sun Worship’ festival in and around Bihar. It is a festival to thank the Sun for the life and warmth it has bestowed on us. The antiquity of the festival can be traced to the Mahabharata period.

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Chhath Puja

Bharat

Bharat is the indigenous name of this country.

Bha which means light or the act of being enlightened. For example, the name Bhaskara denotes the Sun.

Ratha means “one who is a connoisseur”, “one who relishes”.

Bharath thus means “ to relish light”, “to relish enlightenment”and “to relish knowledge”.

Bharat also denoted that land that enjoyed good sunlight (Bha). Even though there are many lands along the equator, India has the advantages.

  • Of being a fairly big mass of land as against many of the islands along the equator
  • of receiving seasonal and copious monsoons, as against brief daily rains like equatorial regions
  • of enjoying right amount of sunshine, Bha, neither too hot for long nor too cold for long and just ideal for most of the year.

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And India had learnt how to relish and harness the energy that the Sun poured upon her.

All of which, made India an agriculturally rich land and therefore a prosperous civilization.

Thus, the name Bharat stood for a land famed for its knowledge (Bha) and rich due to its agriculture enriched by the Sun (Bha).

More on this in our book, Breaking The Myths – Vol-1 – About Identity.

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Sauram – Religion dedicated to the Sun

There were Shad Madhams, 6 religions in India, before Hinduism in its present form took shape. Off these 6 religions, Sauram was dedicated to the Sun.

The 6 religions include,

  • Shaivam (Shiva worship)
  • Shaktam (Worship of Shakti)
  • Vaishnavam (worship of Vishnu)
  • Sauram (Sun worship)
  • Ganapathyam (worship of Ganapathy)
  • Kaumaram (Worship of Kartikeya)

Specials Days and Festivals of Sun

Of the 7 days in a week, Sunday, known as Ravivar is dedicated to the Sun.

Surya Jayanthi is festival that is celebrated every year commemorating the birthday of Sun.

Then there are the monthly Sankranthi days, which are each festivals of Sun, of which Makara Sankranthi stands out.

 Chhath, Etymology

The word “Chhath” comes from the Samskrt word “Shashti”, meaning “six”, for this festival is observed on the 6th day of the ascending phase of the moon, Shukla Paksha of the Karthika month.

Karna observed Chhath Puja

The tragic hero of Mahabharata, Karna who is Surya Putra, worshipped the Divinity Sun on this day. His kingdom in the Mahabharata period is in the region of Bhagalpur, Bihar. The Biharis have a close affinity to this festival.

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Karna

Draupadi observed Chhath Puja

Draupadi, the queen of the Pandavas is also recorded to have observed this Sun worship.

Observed in North India

Since then for over 5100 years, this festival has had resonance in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Nepal and adjoining parts.

In the sequence of the Kaumudi festival of Deepavali period, the Chhath festival has its role of importance as other regional festivals.