Pushpaka Vimana of Ravana

The word Vimana comprises of Vi, “the sky” and Mana, meaning, “measure”. Vimana is one that measures the sky as it traverses through it. Indian legends have many stories of Vimana.

Pushpaka Vimana

By far, the most popular of them is that of Pushpaka Vimana which was used by Rama to return from Lanka to Ayodhya along with Sita, after vanquishing Ravana.

 Pushpaka Vimana

This Pushpaka Vimana was the one in which Vibhishana, the then crowned King of Lanka, brought Rama and the entire entourage to Ayodhya. This particular Pushpaka Vimana which was in the Airport hangar of Ravana, originally belonged to Ravana’s step brother, Kubera, from whom Ravana took it.

The six airports of Ravana

Ravana had many Vimana in his aero plane hangar. Infact, Ravana had six airports in his kingdom of Lanka. They being,

1. Weragantota in Mahiyangana -In the Sinhalese language, this word means a place for an aircraft to land.

 2. Thotupola Kanda at Hoton Plains–The word Thotupola means a port, a place that one touches during one’s journey. Kanda means rock. Thotupola Kanda is a flat land over a rocky range at a height of 6000 feet from sea level. So this means that it could only have been a port of call for a transport vehicle that could travel in air. So it must have been an airport and not a sea port. The present airport of Sri Lanka at Colombo, is called Videsha Bandaranayake Guwan Thotupola in Sinhala where again Guwan means air and Thotupola means port.

 3. Usangoda on the southern coast

 4. Wariyapola in Kurunegala

 5. Wariyapola in Mattale – the word Wariyapola is said to have been derived from Watha-ri-ya-pola meaning place for landing and takeoff of aircrafts.

 6. Gurulupotha in Mahiyangana – the word Gurulupotha in Sinhalese means parts of birds, indicating this to be an aircraft hangar or repair centre.

Ravana’s six airports in the Sri Lankan map

 Lanka – A land of many Vimana

 Apart from the Pushpaka Vimana, Ravana owned many other Vimana too. Ravana probably used these Vimana to travel to different parts of Lanka as well as outside Lanka.This is also borne out by the following sloka in the Valmiki Ramayana.

 Rama tells Lakshmana, as they fly over Lanka in the Pushpaka Vimana,  after the victory over Ravana.

  Lanka shines on the earth

Studded with many Vimana

As if it is the capital of Vishnu

Covered with white clouds.

Valmiki Ramayana, Yuddha Khanda, Sarga 20

Dandu Monara Vimana

 The one other well mentioned Vimana that was used by Ravana, is Dandu Monara.  In the local Sinhalese language. Monara means Mayura, peacock and Dandu Monara means “that which can fly resembling a peacock”.


Model of Dandu Monara Vimana

 Galle Face Hotel lnsignia

The story of Ravana flying in Vimana with his wife Mandodari is etched as the insignia in the most famous hotel, Galle Face Hotel of Colombo, Sri Lanka.


Ravana and Mandodari in the Vimana at Galle Face Hotel Insignia, Dandu Monara Vimana, 1864

Galle Face Hotel – Colombo, Courtesy Lankapura.com

 Vaimanika Shastra

 The texts like Ramayana and other Puranic texts speak about the stories of Vimana. The technical details on Vimana is available in a few other texts of India. The more prominent among these is the Vaimanika Shastra written by Maharishi Bharadwaja.

 Maharishi Bharadwaja

 In writing this treatise, Maharishi Bharadwaja states that he was only compiling information available at his time for various Vimana and that most of them were prior to his times. He mentions about 120 different Vimana that were there in different times in different lands. He also gives glimpses of fuels used, aeronautics, avionics, metallurgy and other maneuvers that were deployed in flying these Vimana.


   English translation of  Vaimanika Sastra by Subbaraya Shastry and  G. R. Josyer

 In the late 19th century, a scholar from near Mysore, Anekal Subbaraya Shastry happened to come across these texts which he translated into English titled, “Vymaanika- Shaastra Aeronautics”. The details given in this book have opened up many vistas into insights into flying machines of yore. It is now for the coming generation to take a leaf out of these texts, the puranic legends and the applicability situation in present days, research on the content and see what lessons can be learnt for present and future application in the field of metallurgy, power transmission, power generational and aeronautical sciences.

More on Vimana is mentioned in our book is mentioned in our book, “Ramayana in Lanka”, and “Historical Rama” which are a part of the Bharath Gyan Series.


 The authors D K Hari and D K Hema Hari are founders of Bharath Gyan who have written 10 books and 2 films. They can be followed at Facebook and Twitter.


Bharath Gyan – The Endeavour

India Behind The Lens – IBTL News recently carried the complete profile of Bharath Gyan. Click Here to go to Source


Read below the Profile as it appeared in IBTL

The Hari couple are conceptualizers and founders of Bharath Gyan, a research initiative, engaged in collating the knowledge of India and its pan global ties through the ages, from a scientific, rational and integrated perspective.

 In times when the gap between traditional knowledge of India and the manner in which knowledge is assimilated by the present generation, seems to be widening further and further, the Hari couple through their Bharath Gyan initiative, have been efforting to bridge this gap by culling out the traditional knowledge from various sources, including present day scholars and presenting it in a manner suited to modern day understanding of sciences, history and economics.

Bharath Gyan collates and approaches the knowledge from an interdisciplinary and holistic angle.

The purpose behind this research and compilation are …

# to disseminate and build awareness of the ancient knowledge of India

# to be able to identify applications if any, to meet present day needs

# to be able to identify areas where modern science can benefit from pointers in traditional knowledge systems and

# to organize a collaborative platform to network scholars both modern and traditional, for further research in potential areas.
They have jointly authored 9 books and 2 films, that span a wide spectrum of disciplines such as …

# Sciences of India (with book and film Creation –  Srishti Vignana)

# History of India (Historical Rama, Ramayana In Lanka, Ayodhya – War and Peace – a trilogy on the historicity of Rama)

# Economics / Governance (You Turn India, Telugu Tall – Her Unknown Side – Facets of Telugu Culture and Prosperity)

# Spiritual Science (Understanding Shiva)

# General (2012 – The Real Story, Triple Eclipse 2009)

Subject Matter Experts on Knowledge of India

The Hari couple have given over 200 lectures on the diverse topics in Bharath Gyan to wide audiences ranging from the research community in Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Coast Guard, various management institutes in different cities, to other educational institutions, corporates and social organizations.

They have participated in many live discussion panels in different Television channels in Hindi, Tamil, Kannada, Marathi and English on topics based on Historicity of Rama, Rama Setu, Plunder of India, Corruption, Eclipses, Earthquakes, 2012 Doomsday predictions and such others, on different occasions.

Basically they provide a historic cum ancient knowledge based perspective to current day happenings.

They have held forth on a wide variety of questions on diverse subjects on live, dial in shows on Jaya Television, a Tamil channel, on many occasions and on a weekly basis.

With over 12 years of focused compilation of the knowledge of India across over 108 different topics, spanning close to 500 hours of factual, multimedia content, the Hari couple can be regarded as subject matter experts on the overall understanding of India across ages from over 8000 years ago to the present.

They are in the process of penning down an overall understanding of India in the form of a magnum opus titled “Autobiography of India” followed by “Breaking the Myths on India”, due in 2013.

The list of subjects with a brief introduction, details of their books and films and talks presented can be seen in the website www.bharathgyan.com. They are also active on social media and can be followed on twitter.com/bharathgyan and facebook.com/bharathgyan for nuggets on the knowledge of India related to current day happenings.

The compiled knowledge is being repurposed and disseminated to worldwide audiences through an alliance of Art of Living – Bharath Gyan with the blessings and encouragement of His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.


Introduction to D.K.Hari : D.K.Hari hails from an Indian traditional family, with its roots in Kancheepuram, a very ancient town of India, which has been the silk centre of the South through the ages and is also known for its age old temples, saints and scholars. He had his schooling in Rishi Valley School, then graduated from Madras Christian College and did his post graduation in Business Administration from P.S.G College of Technology, Coimbatore.

After managing the family businesses in various verticals such as Oil and Gas and FMCG supply chain for 8 years and heading the Marketing for a building industry product for 12 years, during which he established the brand and sales network in India and abroad, he has chosen to follow the calling in his life, with the pursuit and seeking of knowledge through questioning – a temper perhaps influenced by his schooling days in Rishi Valley.

Besides Bharath Gyan, D.K.Hari is also involved in various social activities such as the management of,

1. Hindu Mission Hospital – a 200 bed multi-discplinary  hospital in Tambaram, Chennai
2. Valluvar Gurukulam – a school for educating first generation children in Tambaram, Chennai
3. Dakshina Chitra – a heritage Museum, Chennai

Introduction to D.K.Hema Hari : D.K. Hema Hari, born in Mysore, grew up in Bombay, to graduate in Physics and in Computer Engineering from Bombay University. She is a PMI certified Project Management Professional.

After a 20 year successful career in the IT industry, working for multinational companies, managing, mentoring and nurturing innovations and new technologies, she has changed gears and together with her husband, authors books, films and other works, to disseminate their Bharath Gyan compilation.

Their Motivation : The Hari couple have travelled extensively to over 30 countries and visited various museums and cultural attractions to understand those civilizations, their culture and knowledge.

It was this exposure that motivated them to conceptualize and initiate “Bharath Gyan” as an endeavour to uncover the authentic history, sciences and tradition of India for suitable appreciation and application. Bharath Gyan bridges the gap in access to the authentic, ancient wisdom of and on India, in the manner conducive to present day needs and mediums.

Their method to collating this knowledge is purely driven by questioning, by allowing questioning to lead thought and search, which is again presented through questions and answers.

Bharath Gyan | www.bharathgyan.com | twitter.com/bharathgyan | facebook.com/bharathgyan