‘Birthday’ of a song- Aye Mere Vatan Ke Logon

A Patriotic Song

The song “Aye Mere Vatan Ke Logon” stirred the nation with patriotic fervor in aftermath of the Indo China war in 1962.

 Written, Composed and Sung by….

1 Kavi Pradeep, Lata Maneshkar and C Ramachandra

The song was written by Kavi Pradeep, composed by C Ramachandra and sung for the first time by Lata Mangeshkar on January 27th 1963 in front of a live audience that included the then Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru.

lata_mangeshkar

 Lata Mangeshkar singing

 Sacrifice of Indian Soldiers

The song brings forth the sacrifice of the Indian soldiers during the then concluded Indo-China War.

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Indian Soldiers during the War

When sung, even to this day, it moves us to think of those soldiers who “gave their today for our tomorrow”.

Full Song

Ai mere vatan ke logon, tum khuub lagaa lo naaraa

Oh, my fellow citizens! Chant slogans in praise of our country.

yah shubhdin hai ham sab kaa, laharaa lo tiiranga pyaaraa

This is an auspicious day for us all, so fly our beloved tri-color flag.

par mat bhuulo siimaa par viiro.n ne hai praan ga.nvaaye

Yet, do not forget that brave soldiers have lost their lives on our borders.

kuchh yaad unhe.n bhii kar lo, jo laut ke ghar na aaye

Remember those who have not returned home.

 ai mere vatan ke logo, zaraa aa.nkh me.n bhar lo paani

Oh, my fellow citizens! Shed a few tears.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaanii

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

tum bhuul na jaao unko, is liye suno yah kahaanii

Listen to this story so that you do not forget them.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaani

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

 jab ghaayal huaa himaalay, khatre me.n paDii aazaadii

When the great Himalayas were wounded and our freedom was in danger,

jab tak thii saa.ns laDe ve, phir apnii laash bichha dii

They fought until their last breath and then laid their corpses to the ground.

sangiin pe dhar kar maatha, so gaye amar baliidaanii

Resting their heads on bayonets, these immortal martyrs fell into an eternal sleep.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaanii

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs. 

 jab desh me.n thii diivaalii, ve khel rahe the holii

When our country celebrated Diwali, they were playing Holi on the battlefield.

jab ham baiThe the gharo.n me.n, ve jhel rahe the golii

As we sat comfortably in our homes, they were firing bullets.

the dhanya javaan ve apane, thii dhanya vah unkii javaanii

Blessed were those soldiers, and blessed was their youth.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaanii

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

koii sikh koii jaaT maraaThaa, koii gurkhaa koii madaraasii

Some were Sikh, Jaat, or Marathi; some were Gurkha or Madrasi.

sarhad par marnevaala har viir thaa bhaaratvaasii

But each man who died on the border was an Indian,

jo khuun giraa parvat par, wah khuun thaa hindustaanii

And the blood that stained the mountainside was Indian blood.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaanii

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

 thii khuun se lathpath kaayaa, phir bhii banduuk uThaa ke

Although their bodies were soaked in blood, they still raised their guns.

das das ko ek ne maaraa, phir gir gaye hosh ga.nvaa ke

Each man shot tens of enemy soldiers and then fell unconscious to the ground.

 jab ant samay aayaa to kah gaye ki ab marte hai.n

When the final moment came, they said: “Now we shall die.

khush rahnaa desh ke pyaaro, ab ham to safar karte hai.n

My beloved countrymen, stay happy. We now begin our final journey to the afterlife.”

kyaa log the ve diivaane, kyaa log the ve abhiimaanii

They displayed such passion and dignity.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaani

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

tum bhuul na jaao unko, is liye kahii yah kahaanii

This story has been recounted so that you do not forget them.

jo shahiid hue hai.n unkii, zaraa yaad karo qurbaani

Remember the sacrifice of those martyrs.

 jai hind, jai hind kii senaa

jai hind, jai hind, jai hind!


Victory to India and its armed forces!

 

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National Voter’s Day

The Government of India has declared January 25th of every year as National Voter’s Day.

Post-Independence, the first Lok Sabha was formed in 1951 by the citizens of this country, culminating from a voting process.

Every voter a Bhagya Vidhata

The Indian National Anthem has the line, Bharatha Bhagya Vidhatha. In this context, it means the President of India.

Every voter in India is truly a Bharatha Bhagya Vidhata in his own right. Each person has the capacity and right to change, mould and shape the destiny of this land.

Each Citizen a King

The Tamil poet Subramanya Bharathi refers to everyone as kings in one of his poetry, the relevant line being Ellorum Innattu Mannargal, meaning ‘Every citizen is a king’.  He meant to say that every citizen has a role in shaping the destiny of this land. He made this observation even before Independence.

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Subramanya Bharathi

 Voting not new to this land

Voting is not something new that was introduced in this land only after independence. Infact, many inscriptions have been found indicating how voting has been a regular feature of this land of Bharatha for many centuries. The 1000 year old temple inscriptions of Uttiramerur in Tamil Nadu speak about the voting system.

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The Uttiramerur temple inscriptions 

The temple inscriptions also mention that people who indulged in corruption were disqualified from contesting elections. 

In Ancient India, a system called Kudavolai system was followed where the palm leaves with candidate names were placed inside a mud pot for counting.

In Independent India, initially the multiple ballot system was followed. Then the single ballot system became prevalent. And, now the electronic voting system is followed.

 Janapada

 There were many Janapada, republics in this land.

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 Mahajanapada of Ancient India

The very term Janapada means, ‘People coming together to govern themselves through People Governance Body’. Thus implying that people voted to form their governing bodies in these Janapada.

We see from these examples that voting and the governance system has been a norm in this land for thousands of years.

Universal Adult Franchise

In India, Universal Adult Franchise has been followed from the beginning. This has not been the case in other countries.

In USA, the voting rights for women were given only in 1927 after a hard fight. In Switzerland, women got their voting rights only in 1972. It is interesting that India already had a women Prime Minister in Indira Gandhi by then.

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Indira Gandhi

Similarly, voting rights have been hard fought for in many parts of the world.

Equal rights for all genders

In contrast, in India, all the three genders, male, female and transgender have had equal voting rights for many centuries.

Moreover, in India, post elections, there was gender equality in choosing who should govern the people as can be seen in the case of Indira Gandhi. Other examples include Sucheta Kriplani, elected as the first women Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1966 and Nandini Satpathy, who became the first women Chief Minister of Orissa in 1972.

              6                                                  7

              Sucheta Kriplani                                         Nandini Satpathy 

Let us Vote

In the current electoral situation in the country when even corrupt individuals stand for elections, let us all cast our votes against corruption and corrupt politicians and vote for good governance.

 Voting is and has been an important responsibility than just a right to exercise.

Is the Universe Contracting?

After the story of God Particle, the next big cosmological story is,

“Is the Universe Collapsing?”

From Expansion to Contraction

In the year 2011, the physicists, Adam Riess, Brian Schmidt and Saul Perlmutter were awarded the Nobel Prize for their discovery that the universe is expanding.

Quick on its heels, comes another research with the postulate that the universe is infact, contracting.

This comes out from the calculations of Jens Frederik Colding Krog, the author of this research, at the Centre for Cosmology and Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Southern Denmark.

His research comes up with the postulate that the universe is at a phase of transition from expansion to contraction.

This transition has not set in, in just the few years between awarding the Nobel Prize for the theory of expansion of this universe and this new theory of contracting universe.

This transition sets in over a window period of millions of earth years and is not limited just to the earth or solar system, but to the whole universe.

Indian Traditional View

A peep into the traditional Indian cosmology gives us an interesting insight. This is known as the subject of Brahmanda Parardha. Brahmanda meaning universe, Ardha is half, Para denotes the other, following, succeeding, previous. This term Brahmanda Parardha implies that the life span of this material universe comprises of 2 halves.

The first half is the expansion of the universe from the moment of Big Bang, Brahmanda Visphotak. The second half is the contraction of the universe, finally ending in all constituents of matter merging back into one single unit.

Sesha

This single unit then forms the seed for the cosmic egg, Hiranyagarbha for the next cycle of the universe. This collapsed matter is Sesha, the balance and is known as Adi Sesha, the balance from which comes Adi, the beginnings for the next cycle sprout forth.

It is indeed interesting that the Indian thought not only speaks of the Big Bang, the expansion and then the Contraction, it also speaks about the residue becoming the seed for the next cycle.

What a depth of knowledge!

From where do we learn of this contraction?

Sankalpa

Sankalpa is something that the learned recite every day. This Sankalpa is a calendar, an Astral Geo-Positioning calendar.

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Sankalpa

The first phrase of the Sankalpa is Brahma Dwitiya Parardhe, meaning, ‘Brahma, the creator, who personifies the expanding force of creation, has now entered Dwitiya, the second, Parardha, the material half’, implying that the first half of Brahma’s life, activity and expansion is over and the universe has entered the second phase, the contracting phase.

This is the implied statement recited by the scholars of this land, every day when they start their Sankalpa.

Thus, it is in the common knowledge of these traditional scholars that we are in the second phase, the concluding phase of the universe wherein the contraction is well on its path to Pralaya, dissolution.

This Sankalpa itself could be expressed as a mathematical formula for calculating elapse time, much like the way modern mathematical formulae are expressed.

While it has always been held that traditional Indian sciences claim knowledge of something after it has been discovered, here is a case where the traditional Indian knowledge and its mathematical formulae can be used in expressing mathematically that the contraction, i.e from when the collapse of the universe has well and truly begun and the time left for it to contract fully and dissolve into nothingness. The next big milestone for the cosmos.

The next big step in cosmological research! Will we take it?