Constitution Day

“Sama Vidhan”

Constitution Day is also known as Samvidhan Divas, Sam meaning “equal” and Vidhan, “making, creation”. A Samvidhan, a Constitution stands for a set of laws that facilitates equality and justice in a civilized society. Constitution is an integral part of any democracy, which ensures that people are supreme and shall have equal rights, while being a citizen of that country. The modern English dictionary defines a Constitution as, “a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.”

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While India has its own constitution post independence, Constitution Day is more of a recent origin. The government of India declared 26th November as Constitution Day, on 19th November 2015. This day was earlier observed as National Law Day.

Why this day?

26th November 1949, was the day when the Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly. The constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950, the day which is celebrated every year as Republic Day.

The year 2015 had a special significance as it was 125th anniversary of B R Ambedakar who chaired the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and played a key role in drafting the constitution.

However Constitution Day need not be seen as a day honouring Ambedkar alone. There were many other prominent people at the helm, who are joint architects of our constitution.

Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya

Even a decade before the Indian Constitution was prepared and adopted by the Constituent Assembly, the constitution was already being shaped by someone else and from a different quarter. It was in Tripura!

The last king of Tripura, Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya, notified a constitution having 68 articles, seven parts and three schedules in July, 1941. It came into being at least nine years before the Indian Constitution was adopted.

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Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya

King Bikram in late 1930s toured many parts of Europe and also met Hitler in Germany. On returning to India, he came to the opinion that monarchy would not continue for much longer in the coming modern age, not just in Tripura, but in whole India as well.

He got down to framing a constitution not just for his kingdom of Tripura but for the whole country. This was a clear 6-7 years even before India was given Independence and even before World War-2.

King Bikram set up a constitution drafting committee in 1939, headed by himself. The contribution of King Bikram’s constitution preparing effort, paved the way for the constitution of India, which was prepared by the constituent assembly, a decade later.

The important features of Tripura’s contribution to Indian constitution being,

  1. Preamble
  2. Gender neutrality
  3. Emergency provision
  4. Judicial institutions
  5. Interpretation Provision
  6. Independence of judiciary and executive
  7. Ideas of representatives

It is quite baffling that even during the British rule, the Tripura King, in his written constitution, had made a core concept of democracy.

Architects of Indian constitution

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, who later went on to become the first President of India, was the president of the Constituent Assembly and played a leading role in the creation of our constitution. He appointed the drafting committee with B R Ambedkar as the chairman, along with six other members and a constitutional adviser.  These members were Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant,  Kulapathy M Munshi, Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, N Gopalaswami Ayengar, B L Mitter, Mohammed. Saadullah and D P Khaitan. The constitutional advisor was Sir Benegal Narsing Rau.

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Baba Saheb Ambedkar with Constitution Drafting Committee Members

A draft was prepared by this committee on 4th November 1947, and submitted to the Constituent Assembly, and which was then debated for the next 2 years, with as many as 2000 amendments, before being adopted on 26th November 1949.

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Dr. Ambedkar Submitting the First draft of the Indian constitution to Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

The original constitution was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in Italic style with beautiful calligraphy. This final version was then signed by all the members of the Constituent Assembly in January 1950, and the constitution came into effect on the 26th of the month, and since then has been the guiding light of this nation.

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Prem Behari Narain Raizada writing the constitution

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Dr. Rajinder Prashad examining the original Manuscript of Constitution of India presented by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.

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Dr. Rajendra Prasad signing the Constitution of India.

Granville Austin

Granville Austin, an American author has brought out in detail in his work, The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation on how the Indian constitution was framed and why the members of the Constituent Assembly wrote their constitution as they did.

For this work of his, the government of India honoured him with Padma Shri, in 2011.

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Granville Austin

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Dharmasastras

Dharmasastras are ancient law books of this land, which prescribe moral code of conduct for citizens and a set of guiding principles for jurisprudence.

India had many Dharma Sastras which have been its constitution in ancient times, and which have facilitated in a prosperous and just rule, making “Bharat that is India” one of the few continuous civilizations.  The Indian Constitution starts with the phrase, “India that is Bharat….”. ‘Bha’ stands for knowledge and ‘Ratha” means to relish. Bharatha is the land of people who relish knowledge. Bha also means, effulgence, light. Bharath is the land that shines with the effulgence of knowledge and wisdom.

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The Irony

Ironically however, the Constitution of India draws its light, heavily from other countries, and is not drawn from Indian Dharma Sastras.

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Influence of other constitutions on Indian Constitution, Source Wikipedia

The Indian sastras like Veda, Purana, the Dharmasastras and other Indian scriptures make for a great exposition of law, and were based on Dharma, the eternal law based on principles of Nature. It is time we draw in from these ancient Dharma Sastras, and adopt them in our constitution, wherever suitable to modern times, to facilitate further the prosperity of this great nation and civilization.

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An image of Nataraja in our constitution

Portrait of Queen Lakshmi Bai and Tipu Sultan In Original Copy of Constitution of India

Image of Lord Krishna Having Conversation With Arjuna During Mahabharata War In Original Copy of Constitution of India

Uniform Civil Code

The Constitution of India speaks of Uniform Civil Code, in article 44 of the Directive Principle of the Constitution, which says, “The State shall endeavour to secure for citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.” Uniform Civil Code is the proposal to replace the personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in India with a common set governing every citizen. These laws are distinguished from public law and cover marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption and maintenance.

This is another aspect of equality that we need to adopt, if we are to truly follow the meaning of Samvidhan as being equal and same for everyone, in its true sense.

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National Milk Day

The Multiple Significance of Milk

India is the largest producer of milk in the world. Milk in India is not just a drink to be had over breakfast, and goes beyond its dietary and nutritional value. The cow is revered as a sacred animal and worshipped as “Go-Mata”, “mother cow”, and the milk it gives is equivalent to ambrosia. Milk in Samskrt is called Ksheer and the sweet pudding that is made with milk and other products is called Kheer.

Samudra Manthan

This association of milk with nectar, sweetness goes back to the legend of Samudra Manthan, when the Ocean of Milk was churned to secure Amrita, ambrosia, and a number of other things from the Ocean. Milk is thus associated with productivity.

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Samudra Manthan

Kamadhenu

One of the beings to have emerged during the churning of the Milk Ocean was Kamadhenu, the divine cow, Kama meaning ‘wish’ and Dhenu ‘to provide’. In Purana, Kamadhenu is revered as the cow that could produce anything and fulfil our needs and requirements. Cow is thus revered in this land as the symbol of prosperity, and the greatest item it gives, is the milk.

Krishna-The butter thief

The legends of Krishna are replete with Him stealing milk, butter, cream and curds from the houses of gopas and gopis, the cowherds.  The milk here is symbol of divine love, as Krishna relished the devotion of the local milk maids in Vrindavan. He is endearingly called Kheer Chora.

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Krishna stealing Butter

More on Krishna and the events of His life in our Krishna trilogy, “Historical Krishna”.

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Ksheera Sagara

Lord Vishnu in the Purana is depicted as lying on a coiled snake, Adishesha in the Ocean of Milk, Ksheera Sagara. This cosmic milk here is akin to the pure consciousness which is churned by divine will to bring about Creation, symbolized by the emergence of Brahma from Narayana. The milk here represents the primordial divinity, from which the whole of universe arose.

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Lord Vishnu in Ocean of Milk

More on the Milky Ocean and Creation, in our book and film “Creation-Srishti Vignana”.

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Milking Milk

The nutritional value of milk and its by-products mean that they are recommended for consumption at every stage of life.  Through milk, we can obtain a series of other food products such as butter, cheese, yoghurt and cream, rich in protein. Thus milk is also associated in English vocabulary as “making the best out of a situation or thing”, when we say, “to milk something”.

Varieties of Cows

There are three main varieties of cows, namely, Bos Taurus – the European Jersey cows, Bos Senegus – the African cows and Bos Indicus – the Indian cows.

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The Myth

However, during the British times, “the milking of cows” took on a negative side, when a propaganda was spread by the British administrators that Jersey cows were superior to Indian cows, in terms of quantity and quality.

The low productivity of Indian cows was due to a completely different reason than the breed. The great famines which were artificially thrust on India from the late 1800s by the British, not only starved to death many men, women and children but first, their cows and cattle.

Many healthy, indigenous breeds of cattle of India were lost in these famines. The ones that remained, were too emancipated to produce enough milk or good progeny.

Now, in order to increase the so called “low productivity of Indian cows” as well as increase the number of healthy cows, the semen of the Bos Taurus – Jersey cow was inserted into Indian cow through in-vitro fertilization. The mixed breed offsprings have been called Jersey cows in India.

These mixed breed cows are not native cows and have difficulty in adapting to Indian environment. This difficulty in adapting leads to complex problems which affect the life and milk productivity of these cows.

In reality, the Indian native breeds are overall cost effective, even though the milk yield in some breeds could be lower.

Intrinsic Quality in Milk

Recent research clearly tells us that the milk given forth by Bos Indicus and Bos Taurus are different on a crucial count.

Milk is consumed by mammals, including humans, for its nutritive value of protein that it offers in the early growth stage, when milk is consumed maximum. Modern research has identified two types of milk proteins, classified as A1 Beta Casein and A2 Beta Casein.

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Image courtesy: drjockers.com

A2 Beta Casein is the kind of milk protein found in human milk, goat milk, sheep milk and in the milk of the Indian cows, the Bos Indicus. This variety of milk has been found to be of higher beneficial value to humans, next only to mother’s milk.

In contrast, the Jersey cows, which come under the Bos Taurus category, give milk protein of A1 Beta Casein variety. A1 Beta Casein is suspected to cause Autism, Schizophrenia, Stomach ulcer, Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn’s disease and so on.

The other animal whose milk contains high values of A1 Beta Casein protein, is pig.

Due to such ill effects of milk, seen in the western world where only the Bos Taurus cows are prominent, many researchers and doctors the worldover, have declared milk to be harmful to human health in the long run.

But sadly, without differentiating the A2 Beta Casein milk of the Bos Indicus from the A1 Beta Casein milk of the Bos Taurus, milk in general is now being viewed suspiciously by Indians too.

Indian cows milk nutritive

Tests conducted specifically on the two different species of cows, using the scientific lacto process, show that, not only is the milk of Bos Indicus, the native Indian cow, not detrimental to health, but on the other hand is actually nutritive in nature.

The Indian cow’s milk has been found to be nutritive and nourishing to humans, especially babies.

It is this beneficial nature that has been extolled right from the Veda, to the lores of the land. While the yield of the Indian native breed may be lower, it seems to be most ideally suited for India, on account of

  • this cow’s milk being more suited for human consumption
  • the cow itself being more suited for Indian conditions of food and weather.

The White Revolution

With the efforts of the National Dairy Development Board, Dr. Verghese Kurien, called the ‘milk man of India’, started an initiative called Operation flood in 1970 at Anand, Gujarat.

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Dr. Verghese  Kurien

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Operation flood logo

The logo of the National Dairy Development Board has the hump unique to the Bos Indicus cows, from a Harappan seal.

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National Dairy Development Board logo

In its early days, when Dr. Verghese Kurien had approached one of the multinational companies who specialized in milk production among their other activities, to help India in bringing this White Revolution, an official of that company is reported to have haughtily replied that, he

“would not allow natives to handle a sensitive commodity like milk”.

Couple of decades down the line, after the roaring success of the cooperative effort in making India the highest milk producer in the world, the same official came to congratulate Kurien on the effort. Dr. Kurien is reported to have reparted,

“What do you think of the natives now?”

 Dr. Kurien Verghese is today honoured as the ‘Father of White Revolution’, and his birth anniversary on 26th November is aptly observed as “National Milk Day” every year.

Vivaha Panchami

Rama Sita Marriage

Vivaha Panchami is celebrated as the day when Rama was married to Sita, across India and Nepal. In the Indian calendar, this day is observed on the fifth day – Panchami of the Shukla Paksha or waxing phase of moon in the Margashirsha.

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Rama Sita Marriage

In Gregorian Calendar

What will be this date in the Gregorian calendar?

Rama was 13 years at the time of his marriage. When Ravana came in disguise as a mendicant to Sita, asking for alms, she introduces herself as the wife of Rama and daughter-in-law of Dasaratha. She goes on to express that at the time of Vanvas, exile, her husband was 25 years in age. She continues to state that since her marriage to Rama, she lived in Ayodhya for 12 years.

From this, we can understand that Rama had completed 13 years at the time of his marriage.

5101 BCE

Rama’s birth date has been arrived at as 12:30 in the afternoon on 10th January 5114 BCE. By going ahead 13 years in Rama’s life, we can arrive at the year of Rama’s marriage, as 5101 BCE.

5114 – 13 = 5101 BCE.

This tallies very well and fits in correctly with the dialogue that Sita had with Ravana before abduction.

7117th Anniversary

So, this year 2017 CE, when we add 5101 and 2017, is 7118th wedding anniversary of Rama and Sita.

Celebrations

Rama’s and Sita’s wedding was performed at Janakapur in capital city of Mithila, in present day Nepal.

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Janakpur, Nepal

To this day, Margashirsha, Shukla Paksha Panchami day is remembered as Vivaha Panchami in Janakapur, as thousands flock here every year on this day. Vivaha Panchami day is national holiday in country of Nepal. A celebration continued for 7100 years.

Image of The Other

The word “other” in English language means “second”, “that which is not the self”. It comes from the old English word oder. The very concept of ‘other’ has been expressed in different civilizations starting from the very moment of creation.

In Assyrian civilization

In the Assyrian civilization of east Mediterranean, the two primary forces that brought about creation of the universe are Apsu and Thiamat. Apsu means “the primordial waters” and Thiamat means the other one, the one other than Apsu.

In Babylonian civilization

In the Babylonian Mesopotamian civilization, the two forces that engage in the process of creation of this universe are Marduk and Thiamat.

In Indian civilization

Even in ancient Indian language, the word “thia” stood for ‘other’, be it in Samskrt or in the South Indian Malayalam language.

In the Indian Knowledge System, the Veda, the process of Creation is described as a duel between Indra and his ‘other’, Vrtra. Indra denotes the collective consciousness that spreads forth and Vrtra, the holding back force.

The principle of the Other, Thia has existed in Nature even before the Creation of the Universe takes place. The existence of this Other has been recognized and been accorded a name that is phonetically and semantically similar across many ancient civilizations and their languages. Herein lies the beauty in the Other.

The concept of Creation

We see here that the concept of ‘other’ existed in reality and in thought right from the moment of creation of the Universe.  We are a part of this Universe and a part of the “Other” as well.

Even the perspective of how the Creation came to be is not one but two.

The one which describes Creation as the handiwork of a God external to the Created Universe, where God first created the Earth, then the Sun, Moon and the stars.

The “other”, which describes Creation as a natural order where the Divine becomes the Created Universe and is intrinsic to the Creation, where Creation happened from a cosmic egg with the Big Bang and everything spewed out from this. i.e the Earth appears later, much later, after the galaxies, the sun and all are  created in the process of Creation. This view is held forth in the Veda as Hiranyagarbha for the Cosmic Egg and Brahmanda Visfotak for the Big Bang. This view is similar to that held by modern science too.

Which is the Other?

Right from the explanation of this basic event in the Universe, there has been the “other”, in thought which got carried forward in religion as well.

The view that is the “other view” usually is adverse. But, which is “the other” view, depends on the viewer.

An example can best be seen with the word Asura in Indian thought, which today is loosely translated in English as demon.

Deva Vs Asura

In early Vedic language, the term Asura meant that which is spirited, full of life, vigour and was applied for all divine forces in the Universe starting from the process of Creation.

In later thought, this word Asura picked up a negative connotation in Indian legends and came to denote that which is opposite of divine. Hence the Deva, divine forces of Nature came to be adversaries of the Asura. Since in Samskrt the syllable “a” usually signifies an antithesis, the word Asura was split as “a” and “Sura” and a new term Sura came into usage to denote the opposite of Asura. Hence the Deva or all that is divine came to be called Sura.

But the same idea of Asura appears to have stayed positive in Persian thought and morphed into the word Ahura for their main divinity and the Vedic Deva came to be seen as adversaries.

Asura-Sura 

Respect for the Other

In India, across the land, through the times, there has always been a respect for the other.

The Veda welcome new thoughts and ideas from every direction apart from what is espoused in it.

Aa na bhadra katavo yanto vishwatah

Let noble thoughts come to us from every direction.

– Rig Veda

Nammazhavar, the saint from Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, expresses in his poem that “every man worships God the way he perceives it in his situation and that is the right thought for him at that moment”.

 Nammazhwar

That That person with His and His varied level of understanding,

His and His Divinity’s abode shall he attain.

That That person’s Divinity is no lesser.

His and His Destiny will lead to such a Divinity.

–          A literal translation of the poem

Isn’t this a beautiful way of recognizing the plurality in the universe, in matter and in thought and respecting the same?

The thoughts of great people

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi in his prayer song “Raghupathi Raghava Raja Ram” has the next line as “Ishwar Allah Tero Nam”, where the divine in different names is equally acceptable.

Kabir

Kabir, the weaver saint of medieval India in his doha, couplets praised both Ram and Rahim.

Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda in his now famous speech at Chicago conference of world religion in 1893 spoke eloquently of the existence of the ‘other’ thought, the plurality and how we innately need to respect the ‘other’ and accept the ‘other’ as our innate ethos.

“As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea, so O Lord, the different paths which men take through their different tendencies, various though they appear crroked or straight, all lead to thee.”

VivekanandaSpeech

From Tolerance to Tolerate

120 years ago, in his speech, he brought in the concept of “tolerance” among religions. It was a 458 word speech that lasted just 6 minutes but ushered in a fresh breath of air then.

In the last 100 years, this tolerance has now come down from tolerance to tolerate.

Call to Respect

With this effort of The Other, we should now bring back into dialogue, the need to respect the other.

Mahabharatha

The idea of other is brought forth in a succulent manner by an incident from the Mahabharata, the epic of India.

When the 5 Pandava brothers were in exile in the forest. Duryodhana, their cousin and antagonist comes to the same forest to watch their sufferings during exile. Duryodhana and his Kaurava brothers were then captured by a third party. Yudhishtra, the eldest of the Pandava along with his brothers, secured the release of their cousins led by Duryodhana.

He explains that, “We are 5, they are hundred. But when a third person captures them, then we are 105 to unite against ‘the other’.

Vayam Pancha The Shatham

Vayam Panchotaram Shatham

–          Mahabharata, Vana Parva

Other Not Permanent

Through this episode Yudhishtra brings out the fact that the notion of ‘the other’ is not permanent, but variable based on the situation. Let us understand this through a simple example

From Student to Class to School

When in a class, two students are fighting, each is ‘the other’ to the other.

 OtherStudent

But when another class is against them, then these two students unite, to jointly defend themselves against the ‘new other, i.e the other class’.

 OtherClass

When someone from an ‘other’ school pits against this school, then the different classes unite to compete against the ‘new other’, i.e the other school.

OtherSchool

The concept of mine thus keeps changing, expanding with every situation.

In the face of a common goal, we find commonality with our other.

When the mine expands, ‘the other’ starts shrinking gradually.

This should ideally and eventually lead to Vasudhaiva Kutumbhakam, One World Family.

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Path and Goal – Distinguishing as well Binding

The path and the goal are the distinguishing factor.

It is the same path and the goal that are the binding factor too.

Recognizing, accepting and respecting the other is in itself the binding factor.

Inclusive and Not Exclusive

It is the approach that one takes of being inclusive or exclusive that decides what “the other” is.

Respecting the other and using that respect as the binding factor is the inclusive approach.

In contrast is the exclusive approach which looks at mine alone as the better path and goal.

It is pertinent here to take note of the concept of Dharma in the Indian thought. Dharma is not religion in the limited sense but instead is about the innate characteristic of a human, animal, plant, living being or even the inanimate. Dharma is also about the varying character and actions to be adopted in varying roles performed by all of these under different conditions of space, time and environ i.e in sync with Nature, science and society.

Seeing the “image of the other” with respect, in sync with Nature and science and being inclusive with love and peace is the common path that has stood the test of time across civilizations.

Demonetization

Landmark Move

This day, 8th November, 2016, our government made the landmark move to demonetize 500 Rs. and 1000 Rs. A decisive step that was a crushing blow to those running a parallel economy. This major step, taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, towards curbing black money, shook the whole country, and was verily a tremor for those hoarding black money.

For long, black money has been a part of a wave of plunder this country has seen, since independence.

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi announcing the demonetizing of 500 and 1000 Rs notes

Image result for india's 500 rupee note

Image result for india's 1000 rupee note

In our book, You Turn India, we speak about the three waves of plunder this country has seen. India has been plundered many a times over, in the last 1000 years.

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Three Waves of Plunder

The plunders of India, can be slotted into 3 waves of looting:

  1. Near West Onslaughts – The onslaughts from the Near West such as that of Mohamad of Ghauri, Mohamad of Ghazni, around 1000 CE and that by Nadir Shah around 1700 CE.
  2. The Colonial Plunder – The drain of Indian wealth, primarily by the East India Company of the British between 1600 CE to 1947 CE.
  3. The Home-Grown Plunder – The looting of Indian money by Indians themselves from 1950 CE till date.

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Three Waves of Plunder

Third Wave

This 3rd wave, started soon after India’s Independence and continues to deplete the country.

While the previous 2 waves stopped with the ousting of the invaders, this 3rd wave, being the handiwork of Indians themselves, has the potential to go on ceaselessly, taking the whole nation downhill, if left unchecked.

The monies of the 3rd wave of plunder are equally large or probably even larger and more importantly, can be quantified, identified, repatriated and specifically channelized for the rejuvenation of the country as a whole.

While the previous 2 waves of plunder are large, done and the wealth forever lost, in stark contrast, we shall see how the monies of the 3rd wave of plunder are equally large or probably even larger and more importantly, can be quantified, identified, repatriated and specifically channelized for the rejuvenation of the country as a whole.

Our book You Turn India speaks in detail about the ways to curb this wave of plunder, and in bringing back the hoarded black money to the mainstream economy.

At a national level, many governments have brought in respective schemes during their times, to enable the recovery of black money circulating at the national level, using voluntary disclosure schemes. These haven’t been very successful for long.

The 4 Prong Approach-An age old Indian ethos

It is here we speak of the 4 prong approach in You Turn India.

The age old Indian ethos speaks of a 4 step approach to correct anyone –

Sama – balanced education,

Dhana – incentivizing good behaviour,

Bhedha – discrimination to kindle the conscience,

Dhanda – punishing to evoke conformance.

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Now that the above three steps have failed, the government has had to adopt the 4th one, Dhanda. The stick, Dhanda approach, is always the last, after all other methods have been tried out and when applied in this order, it has not failed. It has been a time tested approach with relation to human nature.

Carrot and Stick Approach

The present step of the government is not all about Dhanda though. It is a Carrot and Stick approach. In an effort to entice the evader to bring back his monies stashed away in the Tax Havens and not lose it completely, India needs to give an economic amnesty to the people who disclose and bring back these monies in large quantities, which the present dispensation has done.

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All in all, this is a great decision, and should be welcomed by all, even though it has led to a few inconveniences. If we can work towards creating an inflow of this currency, back into the economy and work to direct it to revive the flow of waters once again in all parts of our land, in a sustainable manner for growth and development, then, the coming generations can look to a future with all round prosperity.

Five years on, since book You Turn India was published, events are happening in the same sequence as we had highlighted.

The people of this country will now have to act decisively and in unison, within themselves and with the government. It is time that we see things as a whole and make a collective decision on how to ensure the sustenance of oneself, one’s people and one’s land for posterity.

A Note On Ayodhya From Bharath Gyan

Not Meant To Be Warred With, But At War Today

While the name Ayodhya has symbolized “No war (Yuddha), “a place that cannot be won in war”, the city of Ayodhya has been embroiled in a war of faiths since the last 500 odd years.

Time Line of Indian History

In our work on the Indian civilization, as part of tracing the historical timeline of ancient India, we have been able to place and corroborate the historicity of personages such as Rama, Krishna and many other legendary figures of ancient India, according to modern methods of tracking time and history.

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Events Historical, People Historical

This not only establishes these personages to be historical but also implies that their descendants would also have been historical and flesh and blood.

Where did the descendants of Rama live? Did they all continue to live in Ayodhya or did they move elsewhere? If so, where all did they go?

Spread of Rama’s Lineage

Tracing the history of Ayodhya and its descendants, we find traces of this dynasty all over India as well as the world, stretching from Far East in Korea, to Southeast Asia in Thailand, Indonesia and Cambodia and going west upto Russia, Egypt, Iraq, Turkey and many more lands.

The ancestry of King Shuddhodana, the father of Buddha, has been traced in Buddhist works, to the Ikshvaku lineage, the same Surya Vamsa, Solar dynasty as Rama.

The Sikhs of the Sodi and Vedi clan are descendants of Luva and Kusha, the twin sons of Rama respectively. The 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh was a Sodi and thus a descendant of Luva. Guru Nanak Dev Himself, a Vedi, also traces His lineage to Kusha. This makes the Sikhs also a joint stakeholder of Ayodha, Rama and the temple at Rama Janmabhoomi.

Infact, Guru Nanak Dev was a contemporary of Babar. Guru Nanak Dev is probably the last Indian saint to have visited the temple at Ayodhya before it was demolished. As narrated to Bhai Mardana, his disciple, he was visiting Ayodhya and the birth place of Rama, because it was his ancestral home, as a descendant of Kusha.

When the kings of Thailand get anointed as Rama I, II to Rama X for the latest king living today, it also shows how the Thai kings consider themselves to be a part of the Rama lineage.

When the Indonesian King signs any proclamation, he signs it with the words “at the feet of Sri Rama”, showing how they are bound with Rama and His Ayodhya.

When the princess from Ayodhya went to Korea and married the Korean King, she gave rise to the Kim dynasty of Korea which is many million strong today. They all openly acknowledge and owe their descent to Ayodhya and Rama’s lineage.

When Egyptian Pharaohs took on the name Ramses, i.e. RMS (Ra Ma Sa) in the local language, they were openly claiming their link with Rama and Ayodhya.

When the Mittani and Hittite kings in the region of Anatolia (Turkey), Sumeria and Mesopotamia signed treaties, they signed under the names such as Dashratha and other names which can be found in the lineage of Rama.

When the cliffs in Iraq bear carvings of figures like Rama and name like Rama, they show the movement of those connected with Rama and Ayodhya through those regions.

There are many more such links, across the world including those in Ancient America who bond with Rama through their ancient, traditional festival called Rama-Sitva.

All these data and corroborations are available in detail, in the book, “Ayodhya – War and Peace” authored by D.K.Hari and D.K.Hema Hari published by Art of Living – Bharath Gyan.

Stakeholders of Rama’s Legacy

People in all these regions did not belong to the Hindu religion then and now.

Yet they all are stakeholders of Ayodhya, the place of birth of their forefather / ancestor / leader called Rama.

Knowledge of these facts, shifts the Ayodhya issue from the ambit of a Hindu – Muslim 500 year old war of faiths alone, to the realm of an issue that has world ramifications, even if many across the world, in today’s generation, are unaware of this history. India is also answerable to the future generations of the world when they wake up to lay a claim on a legacy that is their roots too.

A Way Out, With a Way In

English language has 2 very expressive words – exclusive and inclusive. The Ex and In in these 2 words convey the sentiment behind these words. Exclusive keeps everyone outside, except for oneself and Inclusive brings everyone inside, together to share and enjoy.

Out of the many kings in the entire Surya Vamsa lineage, the dynasty to which Rama belonged, if the ancient world had chosen to venerate Rama, it shows that Rama had something very special, something due to which they had held Rama near and dear. We find that to be the 16 noble qualities of which Rama was an epitome.

For the world, then, Ayodhya was also the cradle of nobility and all that Rama stood for.

India, as the birthplace of such a haloed personage has a greater role to play as the preserver of this world history and also as a custodian of the 16 values that Rama exhibited. In all of world literature and history, Rama is the unique person to have exhibited all 16 qualities that a human is capable of. Many of these values are fast disappearing in the modern world of today, making the need to highlight this role model a dire need for today. These 16 qualities and what they mean are discussed in the book in detail.

Juxtaposing Today

While Rama and Ayodhya share an inseparable link going back by more than 7 Millennia, the Babar – Ayodhya  link is just 500 odd years old.

While the temple at Ram’s birthplace was built by His descendants few thousand years ago to commemorate His nobility and divinity, as evidenced by the archaeological finds of atleast 2000 years’ antiquity, the temple at Ram’s birthplace was demolished and the mosque named after Babar as Babri Masjid was built there only by Mir Baki, Babar’s general, to gain favour with his king, Babar.

While the temple for Rama was built for His time immemorial qualities, the mosque was built there by Mir Baki for currying temporary gains.

India will have to elevate itself to look beyond faiths to secure the faith of the world that it will preserve the heritage of the world and reminiscences of a personage who has influenced the growth of many world citizens – some biologically and some morally.

Need for a Monument

If Lincoln can have a memorial in Washington, to symbolize abolition of slavery, if Buddha can have monuments dedicated to Him at Lumbini, his birthplace and at BodhGaya where He attained enlightenment, for world Buddhists as well as others to visit, pay respects and pray to their leader, it is but natural for India to have a monument for Rama and His values at His birthplace for His descendants, followers and others world over, to visit, pay respects and pray.

That, some of those who come to pray there, will be people of the Hindu faith is purely incidental. They are world citizens too and are entitled to it as progeny of King Rama, since in Indian ethos, a king is also seen as the father of his subjects, an attitude which Rama had very openly adopted.

A Rightful Act For a Righteous Reason

A Heritage Site – Root for Many Global Citizens

Towards securing this heritage for the future world progeny, India will not be wronging if it sets up a monument at the birthplace of Rama to preserve his global identity, his historicity, his memory and the values he stood for. Each world citizen has a right to this world legacy irrespective of his/her faith.

On the contrary, by not acting to preserve this legacy that its own forefathers themselves had safeguarded for millennia, India will be failing in its duty towards the world and all the stakeholders of Ayodhya.

A Heritage City – A 7200 Year Old Continuously Lived In City

With the placing of Rama’s birth, historically at 10th January, 5114 BCE, we have an antiquity going back to 7130 years. This places the city of Ayodhya to be over 7200 years and more. Probably making it one of the oldest, continuously lived cities, anywhere in the world, with the site of Ram Janmabhoomi, being the epicenter of this 7 millennia old city.

It is not just a heritage site but a heritage city of the world at large too.

A Heritage Temple – A Living Monument of Values

While a temple is a place to pray, a temple is also a monument – a living monument. It is also a living museum, for it embodies that which is eternal – Principles of Creation, Divine, Nature, Life, Goodness and the Orderliness in the Principles itself, i.e. the Cosmic Rhythm.

The temples of India are a showcase for the cosmic order. They serve to create a conducive environment for aligning oneself with this rhythm. A temple, as a living museum, has hence been used to reinforce messages needed for good living.

A temple at Rama’s birthplace too, as a living museum, should bring out the 16 qualities that Rama stood for – the 16 qualities for which He was venerated as Purusha UttamaPurushottama, the highest level of perfection that a human can attain, physically and through action.

Rama had reached such heights of perfection, for which he was held in such high esteem, not just for His lifetime nor in His kingdom of Kosala alone, of which Ayodhya was the capital. But as we can see here, He has been held at such high esteem, continuously for the last 7100 years, across continents, across civilizations, across peoples, across generations. It is these 16 qualities that need to be listed, showcased, venerated and followed – as many qualities possible, by as many people possible, in as many lands possible.

Bharath Gyan Work on Historicity of Rama and Ayodhya

Rama Trilogy- Books
 1 2 3
Historical Rama

To ratify the historicity of King Rama and the timelines for the rule of Rama and the building of the Nala Setu / Rama Setu, the bridge between India & Sri Lanka using a rational and  interdisciplinary approach spanning Literature, Geography, Archaeology and Archaeo-Astronomy.

Ramayana In Lanka

To ratify the historicity of Ravana and the incidents of Ramayana and thus Rama too, from a Lankan perspective

 

Ayodhya – War and Peace

To trace the history of Ayodhya, the capital city of Rama’s kingdom as well as the lineage of Rama from after His times to present day

 

 Films

Documentary titled Historical Rama in 4 Languages

4

Short Film On the Antiquity of Ayodhya and Spread of Rama’s Influence

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCmRi3EHgEI&list=PL9QLcyiVla36_nGIkmed13L7bALRnrP2s&index=2

Short Film On Ram Setu an Engineering Marvel  of 5076 BCE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FgSINZO_VuI&list=PL9QLcyiVla36_nGIkmed13L7bALRnrP2s&index=3

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