Avvaiyar

Avvaiyar is a prominent female poet of Tamil literature. She found great happiness in the life of children.

  1 Avvaiyar

Her works, Aathichudi and Konrai Venthan, written for children, are even now read and enjoyed by them.

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                                         Aathichudi                                        

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Konrai Venthan

These works, even after a millennium, are often among the very first literature that children are exposed to in Tamil schools.

Aathichudi

In the method of teaching the children, she composed very short single line verse, in the exact sequence of the alphabets. Each verse of the poem was not only alphabetically sequential but also had a simple life message that the children could learn as their first lessons and inculcate their import in their lives.

This idea of inculcating value as the first lessons to young child was intriguing to Dr. G.U. Pope a British educationist and Christian missionary who settled in India. He was in India in 1840’s in Tirunalveli, Madras and Bangalore.

In his quote he says

“It is Peculiar that Indians teach Philosophy to their Children”.

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            Dr. G.U. Pope

Probably he misread inculcating good values to the young children as philosophy. For then back in England moral values and philosophy was start only in Theological Institutions.

Let us here see the alphabetical sequence of a simple beautiful value laden Aathichudi.

Aathichudi

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Avvaiyar also interacted with Lord Muruga, Skanda on the beauty of the Tamil language.

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                                                        Lord Murugan interacting with Avvaiyar

Avvai Vizha, the day for this grand old lady Avvaiyar, is celebrated every year in the month of Panguni (mid-March to mid-April) on Sadhayam star day.

One of her most popular verse on what we know, what we learnt is:

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The popularity of this poignant quote of Avvaiyar is not only limited to the Tamil land but have spread far, in the west to USA and in the east to Singapore.

Nasa quotes Avvaiyar

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NASA on “Cosmic Questions Exhibited” Avvaiyar’s quote

“கற்றது கைமண் அளவு,

கல்லாதது உலகளவு”

“What we have learned is like a handful of earth,

 What we have yet to learn is like the whole world” 

                                                                                                    – Avvaiyar

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                                                                            Cosmic Questions

Avvaiyar quoted in Singapore Parliament

In Singapore Parliamentary debates on 17th October 2011, Mr Vikram Nair (Sembawang) Member of Singapore Parliament, quotes

“There is an old Tamil proverb by a wise old lady named Avvaiyar that goes like this (in Tamil): •••••• •••••• •••••••• ••••••. Now, that translates into saying that the sum of

your knowledge can be captured in the palm of a hand,

whereas the things you do not know is the size of the world”.

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Singapore Parliament

Let us celebrate the first granny of the world who gave nursery rhymes with life messages in each one of the verse.

 

World Pyramid Day

The concept of Meru is pyramidal in shape. Pyramids are there all over the world. In Egypt, in Mexico, in Bosnia, in Turkey and in  many other places. At each place, the physical pyramids have different purposes. Researchers are today unravelling newer meanings for what these pyramids stood.

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Meru

In the Indian civilization too, the concept of pyramids does exist, not in the physical form of gigantic pyramids but in the concept of Meru. At a ritual level, there is Meru worship.

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For the noble factors that are inherent in Meru, it is referred to as Su Meru.

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Sumeru Parvat

We call Egyptian pyramids as “pyramids”, as the word is derived from the Greek word, “pyre mid”, meaning there is fire energy in the middle of the pyramid. The ancient Egyptian word in the native Egyptian language in “Mru”. It is indeed interesting to note that Mru and Meru are phonetically similar and refer to a similar concept.

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Egyptian Pyramids

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Conical Meru Shaped structure, Turkey

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Pyramid of the Moon Mexico

While archaeological remains of pyramids are available all over the world as hardware, the information on why they were made and how they were made has been lost in all these lands.

In India however, we have exhaustive texts on Meru, on what it means and on why we give importance to this concept of Meru.

Does this suggest that while hardware is strewn all over the world, the software to understand them lies in the ancient Indian Meru texts?

A connect is needed between the two to unravel the mysteries of pyramids. In iconography, one of the forms of Vishnu is known as Srivatsa. This can be identified with a pyramidal triangle etched on the chest of Vishnu over His heart.

Among many things, the Meru symbol also denotes knowledge. This symbolism of denoting knowledge is not just in Indian thought but can also be seen in architecture in Greco Roman style Fasad as well.

In the Indian thought, the base knowledge on each subjects originates from the Veda which is the starting point. That knowledge is explained in different Upanishads. This knowledge is also explained with stories in different Purana. The scholars and rishi give further information as relevance to their times. This creates a plethora of other subjects. In present day Hindi, these are commonly called as Tipany.

This way of arranging of knowledge from the source through all these explanatory texts are pyramidal in shape. Thus we see, among the many explanations for Meru, the explanation and arrangement of knowledge as it has come down to us today, is in the shape of Meru.

More on Meru, in our book, Brand Bharat Vol-2.

Bhagat Singh

A Shaheed

Bhagat Singh was one of the most influential freedom fighters of the Indian freedom struggle. The title Shaheed, meaning ‘martyr’ most often precedes his name. Shaheed Bhagat Singh was a martyr who inspired the youth of the country to take part in the Indian independence movement.

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Shaheed Bhagat Singh

Into a family of revolutionaries

Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family on 28th September, 1907 at Jaranwala Tehsil in Punjab. He was born into a family of revolutionaries. His birth coincided with the release of his father and uncles from jail. They had been imprisoned for carrying out anti British activities.

Education

Bhagat Singh’s grandfather was a follower of Arya Samaj, the religious reform movement founded by Swami Dayanand Sarasvati. The young Bhagat Singh joined the Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, for his education.

Becoming a revolutionary

At the age of 12, Bhagat Singh was greatly moved by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919, when thousands of people who had gathered at a peaceful public meeting were shot dead by the British. This tragic event sowed revolutionary sentiments in the mind of Bhagat Singh.

At the age of 14, Bhagat Singh was witness to another gruesome incident when a large number of unarmed people were killed by the the colonial dictators at Nankana Sahib Gurudwara.

Thus apart from being born into a family of revolutionaries, these violent incidents perpetuated by the British ensured that Bhagat Singh would also become a revolutionary at a young age.

Joining Young Revolutionary Movement

Bhagat Singh soon became a part of the Young Revolutionary Movement to defeat the colonial rulers.

Finding Naujawan Bharat Sabha

In March 1926, Bhagat Singh founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, which translates to Youth Society of India. The Youth Society of India sought to bring together youth peasants and labourers, against the British.

A Life dedicated to Freedom

When his family wanted to get him married, Bhagat Singh ran away from home, leaving behind a letter which read,

“My life is dedicated to noblest of causes, that of freedom of the country. So there is no worldly desire that can lure me now.”

Death of Lala Lajpat Rai

In 1928, Lal Lajpat Rai, another revolutionary, was killed by the British, for leading a non-violent struggle demonstration against the Simon Commission. This infuriated Bhagat Singh who sought to take revenge.

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Lala Lajpat Rai

Killing British police officer

Bhagat Singh was then involved in the killing of British police officer John Saunders. Bhagat Singh was an accomplice along with Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru in this assassination that was carried out to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Throwing bombs into Central Legislative Assembly

Immediately after this, he along with Batukeshwar Dutt, another revolutionary, threw bombs into the Central Legislative Assembly.

Arrest and Execution of Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was soon imprisoned by the British. Even in jail, he continued his struggle, by undergoing a 4 month fast, seeking equal rights for Indian prisoners on the lines of British prisoners.

Room In Delhi University In Vice Regal Lodge where Bhagat Singh was imprisoned during Trial

Bhagat Singh was convicted by the British for carrying out the murder of John Saunders and was hanged on 23rd March, 1931, along with Sukdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru.

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   Bhagat Singh, Sukdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru

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Death warrant of Bhagat Singh

Death Certificate of Bhagat Singh

Their death anniversary is today popularly observed as Martyr’s Day.

“Shaheed-e-Azam” Bhagat Singh offering his head to Bharat Mata, Bazaar Art

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The martydom of Bhagat Singh reported in a newspaper

His legacy – A Source of Inspiration

Bhagat Singh today finds a place in Indian Parliament in the form of a large bronze statue. There are innumerable memorials of Bhagat Singh at different parts of the country. There are many films on his life and stamps released in his name. He continues to be a source of inspiration for the youth of this country.

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Statue of Bhagat Singh at Indian Parliament

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Stamp on Bhagat Singh

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Legend of Bhagat Singh, A Hindi Film

World Water Day

In the Northern hemisphere, months of April, May, June mean summer. At the peak of summer, most lands look parched and dry. People await the rains for relief from sweltering heat.

Availability of water in summer becomes a problem in different parts of the globe.

Perhaps, as a warning of this oncoming problem, the world observes World Water Day on March 22nd every year.

100 plus words for water

In Indian ethos, water is one of the five elements, the others being earth, fire, air and space. Water has over 100 words in Samskrt, with each word denoting a particular attribute of water.

अर्णः, क्षोदः, क्षद्म, नभः, अम्मः, कवन्धम्, सलिलम्, वाः, वनम्, घृतम, मधु, पुरीषम्, पिप्पलम्, क्षीरम्, विषम्, रेतः, कशः, जन्मः बृबूकम, बुसम्, तुग्र्या बुर्बुरम्, सुक्षेम, धरुणम्, सुरा, अररिन्दानि, ध्वस्मन्वत्, जामि, आयुधानि, क्षपः आहिः, अक्षरम्, स्त्रोतः, तृप्तिः, रसः, उदकम्, पयः, सरः, भषजम्, सहः, शवः, यहः, ओजः, सुखम्, क्षत्रम्, आवयाः, शुभम्, यादुः, भूतम, भुवनम्, भविष्यत्, आपः, महत्, व्योम, यशः महः, सर्णीकम्, स्वृतीकम्, सतीनम्, गहनम्, गभीरम्, गम्भरम्, ईम, अन्नम्, हविः, सद्म, सदनम्, ऋतम्, योनिः, ऋतस्य योनिः, सत्यम्, नीरम्, रयिः, सत्, पूर्णम्, सर्वम, अंक्षितम्, बर्हिः, नाम, सर्पिः, अपः, पवित्रम्, अमृतम्, इन्दुः, हेम, स्वः, सर्गाः, शम्बरम्, अम्वम्, वपुः, अम्बु, तोयम्, तूयम्, कृपीटम, शुक्रम्, तेजः, स्वधा, वारि, जलम्, एवं जलाषम्

100 words for water

From this, we see that how much Importance this civilization, people, language, gave to water and its varied applications.

The Stark Reality – Water, a Finite Resource

Water is a renewable resource. At the same time, it is not an infinite but a finite resource.

The amount of water available globally, while it seems large, is in fact very limited, for nearly 98 % of the water on earth is in the form of water in the seas and oceans, as salt water. This water is not useful for industry, agriculture or for animals and humans.

Trying to harness this brackish sea water through the modern reverse osmosis process is not only capital intensive and costly but the annual operations and maintenance costs are prohibitive too. That puts almost 98% of water on earth, out of our reach.

Given this scenario we have to depend on the balance, little over 2% water for our water needs.

A substantial portion of this 2% of fresh water too, is locked up as ice in the 2 poles, the ice caps on snow covered mountains and the heavy glaciers in them.  They form about 1.725 % of the total water on earth.

So, what is left as flowing fresh water, is hardly 0.025 % of all the water in the world.

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Flowing fresh water is thus not infinite, but finite and very minuscule

Human population on the other hand has been growing steadily, adding about one billion to its population every few decades.

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Mindless Agglomeration of people saps water resources

This means that the same quantity of water has to be shared by a billion more people every 10 years, which means that there is going to be less and less water for each individual, for their needs of life, as the years roll by.

Farming, a Water Guzzler?

The major needs of water for life are not for drinking, bathing and washing, but the major consumption of water is for growing the food we eat.

Hence many tend to classify farming as a water guzzler. Many city dwellers are also under the impression that animal products may be a viable alternative to growing food during water shortage.

Is that really so?

The Reality

1 Kilo of grain, be it rice, wheat, pulses, cereal, needs about 1500 litres of water. That is indeed a high volume of water needed to grow grains.

In comparison, to create 1 kilo of meat, approximately 15000 litres of water are calculated to be required. So, growing live stock for meat is actually 10 times more water intensive than growing grains for food.

This is a bigger water guzzling reality.

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Vegetarianism – A Need, Not Choice Any More

If earth has to be sustainable and water resources have to be judiciously handled for the burgeoning population, then it becomes not a choice, but a necessity, that we move away from being a meat eating population to vegetarianism, so that 9/10th of the fresh water currently lost on growing live stocks just for human consumption, is made available once again for human needs.

Food Wastage – What else is wasted?

What is even more worrying to observe, is the atrocious wastage of the food that has been produced using this limited, precious water.

It is estimated that about 30% of all the food that is produced is wasted.

Just imagine the amount of manual effort, land use and other resources that had gone into the production of this food for consumption. Think of the amount of the precious water that has gone into producing these foods, which literally goes down the drain when the food is wasted.

 Virtual Water

The water that goes into the production of food is now referred to by the term “virtual water” of the product.

In today’s world economy, there is free trade of food from one region to another.  With newer technologies to keep food produce fresh during transport and genetic modifications to give them a longer shelf life and world appeal, we have now transcended the bounds of seasons, climates, geography and topology.

Non seasonal and non local foods have therefore found their way into local reach thus encouraging some regions of the world to produce in excess of their local consumption needs, so that it can be exported for more gains, to other regions of the world where this product is in demand.

Along with the produce, since there is also a virtual transfer of the water that has gone into the making of the produce, there is also a “virtual water trade” happening along with every trade of produce.

Trade Compensation

Producers get paid for their produce.

Exporters get paid for their handling.

The nation receives foreign exchange.

But what about the “virtual water” that has gone into the growing of the produce and has been traded with?

Has the land been compensated enough for the depletion of this virtual water?

Will the monies received, be able to reproduce water in excess of the finite limit of fresh water that falls on a land?

Who is to compensate for this loss in Nature? Does it really matter to us?

This question gains further significance in the context of the current, lopsided, world economy and trade.

A Manmade Global Imbalance

A careful look at trends around the world will show that most of the water intensive produce of the world is produced in and exported from the developing and underdeveloped countries of the world. Typically the countries in the tropical belt which receive more rain and shine.

These countries send out their finite amount of fresh water as “virtual water” in their product exports on one hand and complain of shortage of water on the other hand to meet the direct needs of water. They finally end up borrowing from the developed nations to find solutions for their water shortage problems, little realizing how it is being created in the first place.

As a global community, we need to become aware of this virtual truth, of an imbalance being created by mankind in the last few centuries.

A Natural Balance

Our ancients seem not to have encountered such an issue. Could be because of their prudent way of living, guided by the rhythm of seasons, climates and topology.

Humans and animals consumed locally produced seasonal products – those that were adapted to be produced in their local topology, those that could be produced in that season, for their climatic conditions.

This not only kept them fit and healthy for their local conditions but also did not put undue stress on their finite amount of local water, inorder to produce locally for the entire world.

Reflecting on Virtual Water

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Hema and Hari by the Firat River (Eupharatus), in Turkey

The overall amount of water on this earth has not changed. This earth has in the last many millennia sustained its population of people, animal life and plant life with these finite water resources. We the humans have made this free natural resource into a trading commodity in the last few decades.

How long will this help sustain the modern, commercial times that we live in?

Divine Nature has ordained us to enjoy free life, fresh water and pure air.

Are we in our pursuit of satiating our taste buds with alien foods and in our greed for monetary wealth, creating imbalances in our minds, body and Nature?

World over, mankind has to pause and think,

“Do we all really need global food at our local kitchens, at the price we are all really having to pay for it?”

International Day of Forests

Forests are one of most biologically diverse ecosystems. They are a home to more than 80% of terrestrial animals and plants.

Around 2000 indigenous cultures, including 1.6 billion people are dependant on forests for their livelihood.

A human consumes about 550 litres of pure oxygen per day. The average cost of a 2.75 litre portable oxygen cylinder is Rs 6,500. At this rate, a human consumes oxygen worth about Rs 13 lakh per day. That is the value of air, which each individual person gets for free, from plants. If you multiply this with population of the world, both humans and animals, then you can imagine the financial value of oxygen, would run into “Millions of Billions of Trillions”.

They also protect watersheds that supply 75% of fresh water in the world.

Forest – Outside

The word “forest” is derived from the Latin word “foris”, meaning outside. Forest is a place that is outside, away from the usual place of dwelling, city or village. The word “foreign”, meaning belonging to another country, has the same etymological origin. The word “foliage” has the same roots.

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Forest

Vana, Aranya

In Samskrt, forest is called Vana. It is also known as Aranya.

The land of India has thick forests, Vana from ancient times. There are sacred groves spread across the country.

The ancient texts, the Purana, the Ramayana and Mahabharata also mention about forests in ancient India.

Some of the famous Aranya, Vana mentioned in Purana being,

  • Dandakaranya
  • Naimisharanya
  • Khandavavana
  • Kamakyavana
  • Madhuvana
  • Vrindavana

The total forest area today stands at 23% of the whole land. Almost 1/4th of the country is thus covered by forests.

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Indian Forest Cover

Vruksha Ayurveda

Planting and nurturing of trees was one of the important practices in ancient India. The science of plant life is called Vruksha Ayurveda, which deals with various types of plants, trees and their growth.

Tapovana, Mahavana and Sreevana

Forests in Indian tradition are of three types.

  1. Mahavana
  2. Srivana
  3. Tapovana

Tapovan are “forests for penance”, used by Rishi, saints. Mahavana are “Grand Natural Forests”. Srivana as the name suggests are “forests of prosperity”.

Srivana are forests that are allowed to be used by people for their fruits, leaves, dry wood and for other productive purposes. However, there were strict rules to ensure that the ecosystem was not destroyed.

Tapovana and Mahavana are protected regions as ordinary people are not allowed to enter these forests.

Forest – “For Rest”

Forest also means “For Rest”, a place of rest. In Indian tradition, forest is regarded as a place for quietude and tranquillity. It is place for undertaking a journey into spirit, away from noise of the “concrete jungles”.

Ashram

 In ancient times, we see that Rishi chose Tapovana for setting up their Ashram. Shram means effort, and Ashram means effortless. Forest is a place where one gives up efforts.

Place of Knowledge

It is in the depths of forest that the Rishi were able to dwell deep into spirit and discover the Mysteries of Creation.

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Rishi

The conversations between Rishi that were compiled into Mahabharatha and Purana, happened in a forest – Aranya called Naimisharanya.

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Rishi Ashrama in Naimisharanya

Aranyaka

The Veda have various parts such as

  1. Samhita – Sacred Hymns
  2. Brahmana – Rites and Rituals
  3. Aranyaka – Philosophy behind rituals
  4. Upanishad – Spirituality

Aranyaka forms the third part of the Veda. Arayanka means that which is born of forest. The Aranyaka were discussions of Rishi in the forest. In Aranyaka, philosophical understanding and meditative thinking are conspicuous. The emphasis is more on inner significance of rites and rituals, than the rituals themselves.

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The four parts of Veda

Arana

As seen earlier, forest is also called Aranya. Rana means battlefield and Arana means, a place of no battle. Forests are places of no battle. The kings who wanted a break from daily activities and battles, always retired to the deep jungles, Mahavana.

4 Ashrama

The 4 Ashrama, stages of life, in Indian tradition are

  1. Brahmacharya – Student
  2. Grihastha – Householder
  3. Vanaprastha – Retired
  4. Sanyasa – Renunciation

In the Brahmacharya stage, the Gurukula is located in fringe of the forest, where one gets education.

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Gurukula

Grihastha Ashrama is the only stage where one lives in towns or cities.

Vanaprashtha is the stage when one gives up everything, and retires to Tapovan, to practice Dhyana, Meditation.

Sanyasa is the final stage, where one is completely detached from worldly life, totally focused on Moksha, while living in a forest. This last phase of one’s life, is spent in a forest.

Thus we see that the first, third and last stages of life are in a forest.

Vana Vasi

The dweller of forest who are the true custodians of this ecosystem are known as Vana Vasi.

Vana meaning forest, and Vasi, dweller.

For the Vana Vasi, all four stages of life, Ashrama were in the forest.

These tribals were not poor, but instead they were rich, for all the forest of the land were theirs by right. They were the guardians of the forest. The forest looked after their well being.

Today, they have been classified as Adi Vasi, Adi meaning first and Vasi, dweller, and restricted to living in pockets within their forests.

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Jarawa Vana Vasi of Andaman Islands

Adi Vasi is a new term and also has a sense of derogatory to it. The Adi Vasi brings in an incorrect concept that tribals are the first dwellers of the land and the town and village dwellers are later migrants. This is ethnographically erroneous.

Whereas the words, Vana Vasi is their rightful name used with respect.

Nagar Vasi, Grama Vasi and Vana Vasi, all three belong ethnically to this land from time immemorial. And each have their respective place in the civilization, in the land and in the society.

Lack of Awareness

Unfortunately, post independence, there has been a lack of wholesome awareness on what the Vana Vasi stood for.

The awareness on forests has also come down.

The forest cover of India has been fast diminishing. Jungles are giving way to concrete jungles, in the name of development.

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                                        Concrete Jungle                                          

Deforestation has been a worry all over the world. Around 13 million hectares of forests are destroyed every year. 20 % of climate change has happened due to the depleting forest cover.

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Only 28 trees per person in India

International Day of Forests

International Day of Forests  is observed every year on 21st March. This day was instituted by the United Nations to raise awareness of all types of forests. A special event relating to forests is organized every year at UN headquarters in New York. Many other events are held across the world to highlight the importance of forests.

The survival of forests is vital for the survival of life on this planet.

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International Happiness Day

International Happiness Day was instituted by the United Nations in 2012, and is observed every year on March 20th.

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Flawed Concept of Happiness

In today’s world, man’s happiness is dependent on external factors, such as environment, ecology, social, political and economic factors.

In simple terms, we are happy, when our wants and needs are fulfilled.

But, we can remain to be unhappy, even when our all wants and necessities are met, as our mind craves for more and more, and our senses remain ever unsatisfied.

In the west, happiness is linked to materialism. In other words, happiness is directly proportional to the wealth one has, the money one accumulates, and the objects that one is able get in exchange.

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Our needs may be limited, but our wants keep growing. It is here that we see that the western concept of happiness is a flawed one.

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One of the most quoted sayings of Mahatma Gandhi is, “The world has enough for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed.

Bhutan –The Happiest Country

It may be hard to imagine that a small country, in the Himalayan Mountains – Bhutan, accessible by only two planes is one of the happiest countries in the world.The gross national happiness which takes into account the material and spiritual balance, found that Bhutan did remarkably well in economic sphere, even though it is mainly a nation known for its spirituality, having roots in Buddhism.

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Bhutan

One is rich, not with the amount of money that one has, but with the happiness that one is able to radiate.

Concept of happiness in India

This land, unlike the west had a different concept of happiness. In the Indian ethos, happiness comes first, and then the objects of happiness. In this sense, happiness transcends all external factors.

Santosh – Sant

The word used for happiness is Santosh. It is interesting to note that this word also refers to a saint, a Sant. A Sant is one who has dived deep into his Self, and is ever happy within himself, and is able to act from this space of intense happiness. The enlightened Sants of this land have shown us that happiness is our very nature, and need not be sought externally.

Science of spirituality

This is the science of spirituality, an important aspect of human life which we all have ignored. True happiness comes, when one stills the mind from all its wants. And when we are happy, then the actions that we perform also become perfect, leading to prosperity in other spheres as well.

Ayurveda, the Indian science of medicine, is described as a holistic science of health and happiness.

Art of Living Happiness Program

Every creature on this planet is moving towards happiness. Everyone’s pursuit is only happiness, either for oneself or for others.

The Art of Living Happiness Program is one of the popular programs founded by His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, to spread happiness among the masses, irrespective of the external factors. The happiness program takes you to the point where you effortlessly reconnect to one inexhaustible source of joy – ‘Yourself’. This program facilitates to bring harmony between, body, mind and spirit, which automatically leads to well-being and happiness.

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Let us be happy

A happy life helps you to stay calm, and make better decisions, to improve the overall quality of life.

Not only on this Happiness Day, but on each day, our aim should be to strengthen our happiness by going inwards, through Yoga, and radiate happiness in our daily lives.

Navroz

The Parsi New Year, Navroz is traditionally celebrated on the spring equinox day.

 Parsi Calendars – Shasenshahi and Kadmi

A group of Parsis migrated to India to escape persecution in Persia. When they came and settled in west coast of India, they also brought their calendar, Shahenshahi and Kadmi.

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Navroz and Pateti observed on same day

The migrant Parsi community for some reason did not take into account the leap year which occurs once in four years and the precession of equinox of 1 day which occurs in 72 years. Because of this, the Parsi New Year Navroz and Pateti Observance day has come to be celebrated on the same day only among Indian Parsis.

Renew Friendship

The celebration of Pateti has got a noble thought in it. Let us all on this occasion, being Parsi or not, observe and genuinely repent for our misdeeds, harsh words, so that we move forward with all members of this world happily. Let us use this day, this occasion to renew our friendships and move forward as this world is one happy family.