Lal Bahadur Shastry

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Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan

We all are familiar with the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”.

Did you know that this slogan was coined by Lal Bahadur Shastri?

When we got freedom, Mahatma Gandhi’s dream was that every village should be self-sufficient.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri coined the slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kisan to enthuse the nation.

The slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kisan was aimed at building Suraksha, security for India.

Suraksha of the land through the Jawan, defence forces and Suraksha of the economy through the Kisan, agriculture.

He was one who had understood that food security ensures self-sufficiency which in turn secures the economy as well.

Food security can come only when the Kisan is happy and can produce enough food and the Jawan is happy and can guard the lands and farmers that produce this food.

Well-being of both Jawan and Kisan therefore is essential for security and self-sufficiency.

In 48 years since his time, the hard truth today is that unfortunately the vision behind the famous slogan “Jai jawan Jai kisan” is now being mocked by many as having instead degenerated into a reality of “Die Jawan Die Kisan”.

On this death anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri, let us resolve on our patriotic duty to once again raise on the high pedestal, both the Jawan and the Kisan, ideals that this leader stood for.

Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan! 

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Veerapandiya Kattabomman

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The British rule was a ruthless colonial misrule that sought to plunder India. This however didn’t deter many brave hearts from India to stand up against the enemy, right from the time the British East India Company took over the sovereignty of India. One of these early freedom fighters was Veerapandiya Kattabomman.

Revolt and Execution

Veerapandiya Kattabomman was born on 3rd January, 1760 at the Panchalankurichi village in Tamil Nadu. He soon became the ruler of Panchalankurichi. From the beginning, Kattabomman refused to accept the rule of East India Company, and revolted against them. This angered the British. On October 16th 1799, he was hanged by the British on a tamarind tree at Kayathar village of Tuticorin district in Tamil Nadu.

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Kattabomman being hanged

A Martyr was born, as King Kattabomman had left his stamp in the minds of the people this his heroic deeds, and his legacy lives on.

His legacy

A stamp has been released by the India post in his honour.

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King Veerapandiya Kattabomman’s death anniversary is today celebrated in his village, Panchalankurichi. The government of Tamil Nadu has constructed a memorial for Kattabomman at Kayathar village in Tamil Nadu. His statues can be found all across Tamil Nadu. The Indian’s Navy’s communication centre is known as INS Kattabomman.

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INS Kattabomman

The remnants of architecture at Kattabomman’s village, Panchalankurichi is today protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. Veerapandia Kattabomman Panpattu Kazhagam is a cultural organization opened in the name of Kattabomman. There is also a Tamil film made on his life, in which actor Shivaji Ganeshan played his role.

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Kattabomman film

Apart from these, Veerapandiya Kattabomman name today lives on in the minds of the people of India, as the one who sacrificed his life for the cause of the country.

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A Statue of Kottabomman, Madurai

Madan Mohan Malviya

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Madan Mohan Malviya is one of those notable leaders that this country has seen. His role in the Indian Freedom struggle and his contributions towards education can scarcely be missed as his legacy stands tall even today after 71 years of his leaving the mortal coil.

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Madan Mohan Malviya

Great Educationist

The Banaras University, the largest residential university in Asia is one of those great legacies that Malviya left behind in his role as an educationist. The university now provides higher education to more than 12000 students across various streams like science, arts and technology.

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Banaras Hindu University

Freedom Fighter

As the president of the Indian National Congress for four times, Malviya played a vital role in the freedom struggle. He was an important in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi.

On Par with Gandhi

Malviya is perhaps the only freedom fighter who has been compared with ‘the Mahatma’.Mrs Sarojini Naidu described Malviya’s courtesy as being far greater and sweeter than ‘the Mahatma’.

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Sarojini Naidu

Mahatma Gandhi himself lauded Malviya’s efforts in saving innocent lives of Indians after the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.

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Madan Mohan Malviya and Mahatma Gandhi

A committee was formed under the presidency of Malviya in 1919, soon after the tragedy to build a memorial for the martyrs who died in the attack.

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Jallainwala Bagh Memorial

Prince among Beggars

Mahatma Gandhi called Malviya, the ‘Prince among Beggars’ for his capacity to repeatedly collect funds as huge as 1 crore rupees for public cause. The Banaras University was formed as result of Malviya’s ability to collect funds.

Other Initiatives and Roles

Malviya was also one of the founders of the Indian scouts, and also founded the newspaper, ‘The Leader’ published in the year 1909. He also served as the chairman of Hindustan Times newspaper from 1924 to 1946.

Great Orator

Malviya was also a great orator which earned him the title “Silver tongued orator”, due to his great command in English.

Mahamana’

For the varied roles in many fields, he was conferred the title, “Mahamana’, by the people, meaning ‘the Great One’, towards the end of his life, as the whole nation recognized the contributions of this great freedom fighter, politician, educationist and orator.

Madan Mohan Malviya passed away on November 12th, 1946 at Varanasi.

He was bestowed with the Bharat Ratna in 2015.