Short Film – Dating of Rama

On this occasion of Ramanavami, here is a short film, “Dating of Rama”, by Bharath Gyan.

Is Rama historical? Is Ramayana a mere story? Or is it the 7134 years antiquity of this land?

If yes, then can we confidently put a finger on the time and date on which Rama was born?

This short film highlights the historicity of Rama from different perspectives, corroborating data from the sky charts available in the texts, the legend of the land, geography and science.

Watch it. Share it. It’s your history :

 

7134th Ramanavami

5-ramas-birth

We celebrate Rama Navami, the Birthday of Rama in the month of March-April every year.

Rama_Colourful_to_get_from_divine

When we say, we celebrate His birthday, does it mean that He was born on this earth?

If He was born on this earth, can we specifically say on what date in the English Calendar He was born?

To answer this question we need to look at the source text, namely Valmiki Ramayana. This text Valmiki Ramayan is called Itihasa. What is the meaning of the word Itihasa?

Itihasa comes from ‘Iti+ha+asa’  meaning ‘it thus happened’. Thusthe very terminology Itihasa means it is a Historical Text.

Why is Ramayana called an Itihasa?

While a historical text may be written by a Chronicler in a period, many years later, the distinguishing factor in the case of Valmiki Ramayana is that Valmiki, the author of Ramayana, lived during the times of Rama Himself and was a care-taker of Sita, Rama’s wife and Rama’s twin sons Lava & Kusa. Hence Valmiki Ramayana is also a first hand biographical report.  It is for this reason only Valmiki Ramayana is called Itihasa while the other Ramayana texts such as Goswami Tulasidas’ Ramacharitramanas, Kalidas’ Raghuvamsa, Kambar’s Ramayanam etc. are only referred to as Kavya-meaning great poetical works.

In Valmiki Ramayana the star position of the birth of Rama is clearly given by Valmiki in Ramayana Verse No. 1.18.8, 9th.

 The Sloka being:

Rama was born on the Navami tithi of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra masa (9th day of the increasing phase of the moon in the lunar month of Chaitra). At that time, the Nakshatra or star was Punarvasu and Sun, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Venus were in Aries, Capricorn, Libra, Cancer and Pisces respectively. The Lagna was Cancer and Jupiter and moon were shining together.

This stanza has been used by many astrologers to chart out the horoscope of Rama. While this Sloka has been used by many for astrological predictions about the life of Rama, the same Sloka can also be used to get to the actual date of Rama. How is this possible?

While many have had to resort to a lot of manual calculations, the availability of a new software called the Planetarium  Software in recent times has made this arduous task a little less tedious. This software helps to search the skies of the past, to locate when a given star configuration was really present in the sky.

By searching the skies of the past for the configuration of planets as indicated by the sloka, one can arrive at the date in the English calendar for that configuration.

While it appears to be an easy task, even with the aid of the software, it is a rather daunting task as not only the configuration should match with that in the sky for that event, it should match for an entire sequence of events in the lifetime of Rama, as outlined in the Ramayana text.

Shri Pushkar Bhatnagar- Income tax Commissioner in Delhi, took up this daunting task of searching the skies and identifying such a star position and the date when that occurred. For this purpose the above sloka was written  down for clarity and the conditions summarised as follows:

1. Sun in Aries

2. Saturn in Libra

3. Jupiter in Cancer

4. Venus in Pisces

5. Mars in Capricorn

6. Lunar month of Chaitra

7. 9th day after New moon (Navami tithi, Shukla Paksh)

8. Moon near Punarvasu nakshatra

9. Cancer as lagna, i.e.,   Cancer constellation rising in the east

10. Jupiter above the horizon

With this clear data of the star positions in the sky, it has been possible to pinpoint, using the Planetarium software, the exact time and date of birth of our historical king Rama – Son of Kausalya & Dasaratha.

LordRama_sky_position_birthday_planetarium_software

The date and time of Rama’s birth has been arrived as 12:30 in the afternoon on 10th January 5114 BCE.

If Rama was born on 10th January in 5114 BCE, you may wonder as to why we usually celebrate Rama Navami around March end- April mid.

The reason for this is the concept of precision of equinox where 1 day is to adjusted for every 72 years. Thus over a 7200 year period, it works to around 100 days between January 10th and April 15th..

This scientifically precise and repeatedly validatable information thus helps us to celebrate the 7134th  birthday of Sri Rama this year on April 2nd 2020.

Having learnt of the date of birth of Rama many other questions will pop up in one’s mind such as, similar to this, can we arrive at dates for the other key events in Ramayana like :

  1. Date of vanavas, exile of Rama
  2. The Surpanaka  Episode at Panchavati-Nasik
  3. Slaying of Vali by Rama
  4. Hanuman meeting Seeta in Lanka
  5. Date when the Bridge to Lanka was constructed etc.

Another major question that would arise next, is, whether this bridge is really man-made? Is there any proof for it?

All these questions and more have been addressed in detail and answered in our book and film Historical Rama, using an interdisciplinary and integrated, logical, rational and scientific approach.

Armed with all this data, facts and understanding, let us relish the true historical nature of Rama and be amazed by the antiquity of this land.

“Ram Naam Satya Hai” – the name of Rama is true, the historicity of Rama is true.

Mahagauri – #Navaratri #Navadurga

Once performed penance to attain a beautiful complexion. After her penance performed to Brahma, she was able to get a fair complexion. This is the one of the most beautiful forms of Devi, and represents all beautiful things in Nature.

She is worshipped on the 8th night of Navaratri.

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Devi Mahagauri

Kali to Gauri

Thus we see how Devi Shakti is venerated and celebrated, across the whole spectrum of colors, from black, Kali, Kala to white, Gauri, Gaura. Gaura in Hindi is called white. The word Gaura is derived from the Samskrt word Gauri, meaning White.

 

Access the Complete Navaratri eBook :

https://bharathgyanblog.files.wordpress.com/2018/10/navaratri-ebook.pdf

Guru Tegh Bahadur

A crucial year it was, the year 1675 CE; the free thought, of the people of the land was trampled by the Mughals.

Kashmiri Pundits

It was during that period, a delegation of about 500 Kashmir Pundits led by Pundit Kripa Ram met Guru Tegh Bahadur at Anandapur Saheb with their harrowing experiences and tales of torture by Aurangzeb, forcing Hindus to convert to Islam.

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Guru Tegh Bahadur  
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Pundat Kripa Ram approaching Tegh Bahadur

The choice was “Convert-Or-Perish”.

Guru Tegh Bahadur took upon himself the task of rescuing not just the Kashmir Pundits but the entire society.

But why Aurangzeb, was bent upon converting the Kashmir Pundits in the first place?

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  Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb vexed with the enigma, of thriving Hindu presence in, despite centuries of Muslim rule, vis-à-vis, the total annihilation of native cultures in other Muslim lands, called his Court to order one day and beseeched them for a solution. His council of advisors then suggested, that, the Seat of Hindu thought and inspiration must be identified and destroyed; they conclusively opined that, this was the only sure way of ensuring that the perennial flow of faith is put to an end.

Having said that, Varanasi, Kasi was identified as the Seat of Hindu faith and the Brahmins of Varanasi, were identified as its custodians.

They were pulled up tortured and asked to convert.

Aurangzeb then, repeated the same torture, formula on the Kashmiri Pundits.

The Sikhs were looked up to as the martial force of the land, were approached by the Kashmir Pundits.

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Sikhs being approached

Guru Gobind Singh

Gobind Rai, who later became the tenth and the last Sikh Guru, the force behind the Khalsa movement, the beacon who showed the world, what, unquestioned obedience is, by way of the “panch-pyaara” –was at that time, 9 years old and was sitting beside his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur.

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Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Tegh Bahadur, gallantly took upon himself, the, responsibility of protection.

He asked the Kashmir Pundits, to go and tell Aurangzeb that,

  1. Kashmir Pundits would convert to Islam; If Guru Tegh Bahadur converts.
  2. Therefore the Brahmins of Varanasi would too convert
  3. The entire Hindu faith would eventually would convert to Islam

Guru Tegh Bahadur goes Delhi

Delighted at such an easy solution of converting the entire lot of Hindus into Islam, Aurangzeb invited Guru Tegh Bahadur to Delhi. Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his disciples Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dyal Das, went to Delhi and met Mughal Aurangzeb.

Guru Tegh Bahadur, held extensive discussions on Religious, Philosophical, Spiritual, Logical, Scientific and even on mundane matters to dissuade Aurangzeb from converting Hindus to Islam.

Aurangzeb was deeply disappointed and disillusioned and seething with vengeance made two offers to Guru Tegh Bahadur:-

  • Either embrace Islam or
  • Face beheading

The great Guru preferred beheading than to convert to Islam.

Aurangzeb, the so called ‘Embodiment of Benevolence’, as described by our History books, ordered that Guru Tegh Bahadur and disciples should be killed.

This henious act was carried out on 24.11.1675.

In the presence of Guru Tegh Bahadur, his disciples were done to death one after the other.

Bhai Mati Das

Bhai Mati Das was cut into two halfs by slicing through head downwards.

Mati Das while standing erect was tied between two posts. He was asked if he had any parting words, to which Mati Das answered, “I request only that my head be turned toward my Guru as I am executed.” Two executioners placed a double-handed saw on his head. Mati Das serenely uttered “Ek Onkar” and started reciting the Japji Sahib, the morning prayer of the Sikhs. He was sawed across from head downwards.

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Bhai Mati Das being cut into two

Sculpture depicting Mati Das, sawn into pieces after he refused to convert to Islam in Aurangzeb’s court

Dyal Das

Dayal Das abused the Emperor and his courtiers for this act. He was tied up like a round bundle and thrown into a huge cauldron of boiling oil. He was boiled alive into a block of charcoal.

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Dayal Das being boiled alive

Sati Das

Sati Das condemned these brutalities. He was wrapped round with cotton and burnt alive and then he was hacked to pieces limb by limb.

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Sati Das being burned alive

Tegh Bahadur

Then Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded.

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Guru Tegh about to be beheaded

All this happened on 24th November, 1675 AD at Chandni Chowk under the orders of Emperor Aurangzeb.

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Now the questions arise:-

  1. Why should Guru Tegh Bahadur become a martyr, when he had all chances to escape inhuman torture and death?
  2. Why should Bhai Mati Das, Dyal Das and Sati Das die, when they too have had all chances to escape merciless torture and death?
  3. For whom they endured all the inhuman suffering and made all these sacrifices?

They suffered and sacrificed so that we can live in accordance with our native practises.

How many of us know all this?

How many even know the name of the Martyr Guru Tegh Bahadur? Is it not our duty to pay respects to the great Souls?

Sis Ganj Gurudwara

This haloed location, where they were martyred is now venerated as Sis Ganj Gurudwara situated in Chandini Chowk in Old Delhi.

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Sis Ganj Gurudwara

April Fool

The 14th of April is celebrated as the New Year in a few states of India such as Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Bengal, Assam among others.

The astronomical reason for the same being, that when the calendar in these places were formed over 1500 years back, the sun in its annual transit would cross the equator on this date. It was the equinox, the sun being on the equator and crossing over to the northern hemisphere.

It is for this reason that the New Year was celebrated not only in different parts of India, but in Persia too, as Nowroz and also in different parts of Europe in the pre-medieval days.

So April was the time for the start of a New Year across the world in the Northern Hemisphere. This New Year celebration was based on the movement of the sun. This shows that the people then lived in consonance with nature.

During the dark ages, as Christianity established itself in Europe, the New Year was shifted from April 1st to January 1st. The new Gregorian calendar of 1582 cemented this shift.

calender

When this happened, people were coerced to shift the observation of New Year from April 1st to January 1st.  The pagans in the villages though, continued to celebrate April 1st as their New Year in accordance with nature and the transit of the sun.

Since the official New Year was shifted to January 1st, the people who continued to celebrate April 1st as New Year were called “fools” and thus came the derisive terminology of “April fool”.  It is from this word of villagers we have the root of the word ‘villain’. Since the villagers took time to change to the official ways and calendar from their nature-based ways, they were dubbed derogatorily as ‘villains’, ’village’ and ’villager’.

 April-Fool

Over the last few decades, the world is not only becoming more and more scientific, but is also becoming more and more connected.

Between the 1600s to 2000, the world was Euro-centric.

Now, with progress, different parts of the world are bringing forth their individual character.  In this journey, maintaining one’s own individual character yet, at the same time being connected with each other, while being collectively connected with Nature, is the vehicle that can take us collectively into the future.

If this is to be so, then, we need to take a relook at our connectivity with Mother Nature.

Then, for the people living in the Northern Hemisphere, who comprise over 70% of the land mass and population of the earth, the natural New Year has to be the Equinox of March 21st when the Sun transits North, crossing the equator.

This thought is neither radical nor new.

After independence, India formed many scientific committees to understand various aspects of India. One such committee formed then was the Calendar reforms committee. This committee in the year 1957 recommended that the Indian calendar should start from March 22nd.

calender-reform

Calendar represents an important aspect of a civilization’s culture. It is basically a time marker of  events, events that are important to and determine each civilization’s culture and history.

What is Time?

WallClock?

As the world , of which we are all a part, rotates and revolves, creating days and nights that rollup into months and years, giving us the notion of the passage of time, we need to go closer and closer towards Nature and the cosmos, to understand the concept and true meaning of Time.

In that path, taking a relook at the calendar is but one early and small step.

Kalaratri – #Navaratri #Navadurga

When the Deva were troubled by Durgamasura, Devi Parvati assumes the form of Kalaratri and annihilated this Asura.

Kal

Devi Kalaratri

Kala here means black, and Ratri refers to night.

This form of Devi is most terrifying and fierce, and represents the most devastating aspects of Nature.

But if seen from the right perspective, this form of Devi has a Motherly aspect to it.

The word Ratri means “comfort giver”. It is derived from the root word “ram” meaning “to be or make content”.

Ratri is that which gives one comfort or rest from the 3 types of activities namely

  • Kayika or bodily actions,
  • Vachika or speech
  • Manasika or thoughts.

During night, as man sleeps and gets regenerated, all 3 types of actions are subdued and mind is completely at rest, free from all types of afflictions.

Hence night is called Ratri or the comfort giver.

Kala Ratri, Mother who brings us this comfort, is propitiated on the night of Navaratri.

Ratri also has a wider connotation here.

Let us take the example of day and night to understand this better.

During day time, only our limited world and the Sun is visible, but at night, Ratri, the whole cosmos with the countless stars are seen.

Thus Kala Ratri represents that higher wisdom that is bestowed on us, when we go beyond our limited concepts and theories.

 

Access the Complete Navaratri eBook :

https://bharathgyanblog.files.wordpress.com/2018/10/navaratri-ebook.pdf

Issac Newton

Sir Issac Newton was the one who formulated the laws of gravitation and motion. The story goes that he came up with the concept of gravity under an apple tree in Cambridge University. This apple tree is preserved and safeguarded in Cambridge University.

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Sir Issac Newton under an apple tree

Gurutava and Gurutvaakarshana

The word gravity has an agnate word in the Samskrt, where it is referred to as Gurutva. In India, the word and concept of gravity has existed as Gurutva and Gurutvaakarshana respectively.

The root word Guru denotes ‘heavy, big and influencing’ and Akarshana means, ‘the power of attraction’. The word Guru and Gurutava means to attract. It is the root word for the English word gravity.

What our sages and scriptures Say?

This concept of gravity has been discussed in many ancient texts of India including the Veda.

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The power to attract, Gurutva, is there in all natural bodies of this universe.

Rishi Pipalada in Prasnaupanishad writes that, “Divinity in earth helps the apana by supporting it.” This apana is present in our body which aids in the function of digestion and throwing our urine and foetus from our body which requires gravitation.

Adi Shankar who lived around 500 BCE writes, “If the Divinity would not have pulled down this body, this body would have floated anywhere in the universe.”

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Adi Shankara

Guru Gita

A crowning statement can be seen in a passage in Guru Gita, which consists of a dialogue between Shiva and Parvati on various subjects, including the Universal laws of Nature.

Here Parvati asks Shiva,

“You are the Supreme. Who is it that you bow to?”

To which, Shiva replies,

“ Parvati for the benefit of all humanity I shall answer your question.

It is to the all pervading Guru Tattva that I bow down to”.

Thus Shiva Tattva is also bound to acknowledge the force of gravity, Guru Tattva as the Omnipresent force of the Universe, Prapancha.

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The Shiva Parvati Dialogue

More on this in our book “2012-The Real Story”.

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Dr. Halley and Sir Issac Newton

On one occasion, Dr Halley, the astronomer after whom the Halley’s Comet is named, came to discuss with Sir Issac Newton on what he thought of the orbital curve of planets.

Sir Issac Newton responded, “It would be an ellipse.”

Dr. Halley was amazed by the instant response and asked, “How did you know it?”

Sir Issac Newton looked for the papers but could not find them.

An astounding response in today’s words is, “Somebody has found a cure for cancer but does not remember where he kept the formula.”

The indefectible Halley pressed on Sir Issac Newton to redo the calculation. This made Sir Issac Newton carry out two years intensive research on his scribblings, and which led the creation of his master work, Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

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In simple English terms, this book contains mathematical principles of natural philosophy. We see in this book that the terms philosophy and mathematics are intertwined. They are not 2 distinct parallel subjects as we perceive them in the 21st century. This work of Sir Issac Newton is one of the most inaccessible books.

The response of Sir Issac Newton was that, “He did not want to be pestered by Mathematical smatters.”

When somebody has reached such high levels in science, they prefer to be left alone in their research than being pestered by the half educated.

We see a similar vein, not just among modern scientists, but also among our seer scientists, the Vedic Rishi who did their research and presented their findings. It is for others to take the effort to understand them. The same thought is expressed by Einstein too. This is the innate nature of scientists. It is for us to recognize what true scientists are saying before being critical of them.