Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13th, 1879 at Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh into a Bengali family. She married Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu from Andhra, a doctor by profession.
Nightingale of India
As a poet, Sarojini Naidu was known as the ‘Nightingale of India’.
Some of her well known poems are Ecstasy, The Indian, In the Forest, Past and Future, The Soul’s Prayer, Coromandel Fishers, To Youth, among many others. Her poems were very much admired by leaders of Freedom Struggle like Gopala Krishna Gokhale and Rabindra Nath Tagore.
Awarded by the British
Sarojini was awarded by the British government with a Kaiser-i-Hind medal in 1908 for her work during the plague epidemic of India.
Role in Freedom Struggle
Sarojini Naidu played an influential role in India’s Freedom struggle against the British. She was one of the foremost leaders of Non-Cooperation Movement against the colonial British government that began in 1920. She openly criticized the British Government in her speeches.
She was elected President of Indian National Congress at its Kanpur session in 1925. In 1930, she played a leading role in the Movement against the British and was imprisoned along with Gandhi and other leaders.
She also accompanied Mahatma Gandhi in the Dandi Salt Satyagraha March that began on March 12th, 1930.
In 1942, she was arrested for taking part in the Quit India Movement.
Sarojini passed away due to a heart attack on March 2nd, 1949.