Jatindranath Mukherjee is one of the main Indian revolutionaries from Bengal, who fought against the British Rule.
Leader of Yugantar Party
He was the leader of the Yugantar party that carried out freedom related activities, against the British. He was actually at the helm of the party at a very young age.
Bagha Jatin – A Tiger
He was nicknamed Bagha Jatin, Bagha meaning tiger, for the great courage he showed at a tender age, in revolting against the British.
Young Bagha Jatin
Indoctrinating Indian Soldiers
One of the main contributions of Bagha Jatin was that he and his party inculcated cognitive strategies and revolutionary spirit in Indian soldiers, for an uprising against the British.
His famous slogan was, “Amra Morbo, Jagat Jagbe”, meaning “We shall die to awaken the nation”.
‘A divine personality’
Gandhiji was so impressed by this revolutionary youth that he referred to Bagha Jatin as ‘a divine personality’.
Mahatma Gandhi and Bagha Jatin
Loved by Englishmen
Irrespective of Bagha Jatin’s revolutionary activities, he was also loved by many Englishmen. Charles Augustus Tegart, a colonial police officer had once remarked that if Bagha Jatin was born in England, then probably a statue would have been built for him and placed next to Nelson’s at Trafalgar Square. What he meant to say was that the great personality that Bagha Jatin was would have been highly revered in England.
Charles Augustus Tegart
Hard and Soft
The impeccable character of Bagha Jatin was both hard and soft. He had a soft corner for those suffering and a charitable nature. At the same time, he demonstrated great physical bravery and prowess while fighting the colonial rulers.
Above caste and religion
Another striking quality in Bagha Jatin was that he was beyond the narrow confines of caste and religion. He even financially helped a Muslim women by sending her money every month.
Brave End and appreciation in death
Bagha Jatin’s revolt against the British led to a backlash from the colonial rulers. Bagha Jatin was mortally wounded by the British police and passed away on 10th September, 1915.
Bagha Jatin during his last moments
Even at his death, there was a word of appreciation from the opponent forces. Charles Tegart, the colonial office who was part of the police squad that killed Bagha Jatin said, “Even though I had a duty to perform, I had a great admiration for Bagha Jatin. He died in an open fight.”
Today, his statue stands tall at the Victoria memorial in Kolkata.
Bagha Jatin statue at Victoria Memorial, Kolkata
Institutions, places in name
Many institutions and places in Bengal have been named after this great freedom fighter.
Bagha Jatin Railway Station, Kolkata
Bagha Jatin Passenger
Bagha Jatin Hospital, Kolkata
Amar Chitra Katha
Amar Chitra Katha paid a fitting tribute to Bagha Jatin by bringing out his story.
It is due to the sacrifices of such freedom fighters that finally led to the British vacating India in 1947.