Paryusana Parva is a 10 day Jain festival normally observed in the month of August – September. The last day of this festival is observed as repentance day, the day of Micchami Dukkadam.
Period after initial rains
It is during this period when after the initial spell of rains, small plants are sprouting all over the ground, and minute insects are busily moving around.
The Jain tradition is known for its concept of Ahimsa. Thus, by staying in a place, the Jain Muni avoid trampling on these very small creatures, following the principle of Ahimsa.
A day of repentence
The 10th day of this period is a day of observance of repentance. On the 10th day of this observance, the members of Jain community come together, repent for some of their misdemeanours and apologize for their harsh words to others. A noble practice that has been practiced thought the land, through the times.
The last day, the 10th day of Paryusa festival also coincides with the Churthi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapad. It falls on the same day as Ganesh Chaturthi.
The Jains seek forgiveness from friends, family and all living creatures, with the phrase, “Micchami Dukkadam”, which is a Prakrit phrase, meaning “may all the evil that has been done be fruitless”.
This phrase is chanted with the request, “Please forgive me for any harm I have done to you, intentionally or unintentionally.”