World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

Nature’s Cycles and Manmade Cycles

Rains have a habit of failing now and then. Monsoons sometimes play truant. But over a couple of years, Mother Nature usually pulls up these truant forces and normalcy descends very soon.

India that is largely dependent on its annual monsoon for its water and food does face difficulties during these trying periods but has never gone into major droughts or famines because of failed monsoons alone.

Hand of man is evident in creating these droughts and famine.

The noted senior journalist of The Hindu, P.Sainath, who was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for his journalism, in his book “Everyone Loves a Good Drought”, cites through examples witnessed personally, how most of the relief work, their planning and execution actually are contradictory to the real situation on ground, the real needs and sustainable living.

His book brings out how it is the agencies, Governmental and Non Governmental, which finally end up profiting from relief work. Infact the very existence of these agencies is dependent upon such relief work.

Inadvertently all these ill planned and unsustainable measures taken as part of relief work, instead of dousing the problems, fuel and keep alive the cycle of droughts.

But manmade droughts and resultant famines do not seem to be a phenomenon of Independent India alone.

The Dreaded Famines of India

When India was under the British administration, famines were a repeated and regular occurrence. Famines became endemic in the 1800s under British rule of India. Famines were never widespread before British came to India.

William Digby, an economist and Member of Famine Commission under the British, records in 1901, the number of deaths in India due to famine in the hundred years between 1800 and 1900.

1800 – 1825 10,000
1826 – 1850 5,00,000
1851 – 1875 5,00,000
1876  – 1900 2,60,00,000

How did these famines come to be in the first place?

Mike Davis, the economic historian has recorded the cause of these famines as an outcome of British policy. In his book “Late Victorian Holocaust” he highlights with details how there were 18 famines in the 24 years between 1876 to 1900 and how 29 Million Indians perished in these famines. He calls it a murder by the British state policy.

These years were witness to the great famines of Bihar, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Central India and many other parts of India. The numbers of people who were starved to death by these manmade famines, year after year, region after region, running into lakhs, is just too revolting.

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An illustration in a London Newspaper of the famine conditions in India

Hand of Man in Creating Droughts and Famines

If we pit the Industrial Revolution of Britain and Europe against the colonial plunder of India, we will be able to see the larger picture of the economic evolution of Europe and the degeneration of India to its present state.

In the latter half of 1800s, Britain and Europe were caught in the flurry of the industrial revolution. Apart from the large infusion of money, which they got from plundering their colonies, what they needed was large amounts of food to be imported into England to feed their workforce.

They used the wheat fields of North India as their bread basket and forcibly exported the food grains produced in India, to Europe, to feed the industrialization, thus creating a famine among the very people who grew these abundance of food grains.

In a similar situation now, it is this land and the people of India that are generating the wealth but instead of pumping it back to sustain the irrigation projects which in turn can keep agriculture sustained, scam after scam have been siphoning out large amounts of money from India. No great surprise then is the present looming drought in most parts of the country.

For example in Maharashtra in the last couple of years, Rs.70000 crores have vapourised in the name of expenditure on irrigation projects but the increase in the irrigation capability of Maharashtra rose by just 0.1 % only. This figure shows us the stark reality of the scale of this scam.

As Action, So Reaction

For every action there is a reaction. If action is good so will be the reaction. There was a time when waters were revered as Punya Theertha. With all the callous handling of the various water bodies and indifference to rain water harnessing in the last few decades, the reaction as a drought is following on only too quickly, accelerated by corruption.

Use of excess of chemical fertilizers on the soil too has added to the woes. Chemical fertilizers make the soil thirsty. The soil becomes parched much quicker. On one side we don’t harness waters and on the other side we employ unsustainable techniques which increase the thirst of the soil.   It is a double whammy for the hapless farmer.

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Yet another blow to the hapless farmer is when, for the pecuniary interests of a few, he is induced to cultivate crops that are not naturally suited for the topographical conditions of that land. For example, growing water intensive crops such as sugarcane in rain shadow areas such as the leeward side of the western ghats.  This also puts more strain on the limited water resources available.

If you care to notice, soon after Independence, because of benevolent Government policies and sincere implementation of the same in the early days of Independent India, famines ceased.

Droughts are once again rearing their head, for the policies are not oriented towards sustainable living and moreover there is one scam after another in implementing them. It will be inevitable for famines too, to follow soon.

It is this precise fact that we have brought out in our book “You Turn India”.

The current drought in Maharashtra does not come as a surprise. Neither is this going to be the last one.

Let us look at droughts.

Rains and Droughts

It is well known that despite the 4 months of monsoon in India, it actually rains for only about 100 hours in a year.

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But during these 100 hours, it rains enough to make India rank as the second largest rainfall receiving country in the world in proportion to its area.

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This abundant rainfall has to be saved to be used for the balance 8660 hours of the year. This is precisely the role of the water harnessing projects of the land. drought4

Monsoon rains by nature have a cyclical vagary over a 7 to 10 year period. So by nature, we need to expect floods for a couple of years and deficient rainfall for another couple of years in a decade.

It is these small, local but innumerable water harnessing systems that are the balancing factor to harness the rain when it pours in excess and to be used in the times of deficiency.

Hence these water harnessing systems have to be maintained in good condition at all times to have good times.

But does this maintenance need Rs.70000 crores as was spent by the Maharashtra Government?

Certainly not!

Cost of a Drought Vs Cost of Averting a Drought

India was dotted with traditionally designed water harnessing systems suited to the local topography, climate and population needs.

In the 6 lakh villages of India, close to 9 lakh such traditional, local water harnessing systems were implemented. This means an average of 3 such water bodies for every 2 villages.

These water harnessing works were traditionally carried out by the locals themselves and the cost defrayed by the locals themselves again.

What has not been accomplished by this Rs.70000 crores could have been accomplished with a fraction of this amount if the local water bodies had been continued to be maintained by the locals instead of a centralized body

Just a couple of years ago there were very heavy rains in the same Maharashtra leading to floods both in the Narmada river flowing west and the Godavari river flowing east. What happened to all those waters?

If we had harnessed them then, would it not have come in handy now?

So, a drought really occurs not due to a failed monsoon but due to our failure to harness the rain when it rains, where it rains.

Let us take this Maharashtra drought as a reality check to open our eyes to the reality of droughts, famines, scams and the hand of man in creating all of these. Atleast now, let us initiate steps to adopt the time tested water harnessing principles designed by our forefathers that had kept this land fertile and prosperous during their times and until recent times.

It is for us now to realize and act as each individual as well as in unison, for history to not repeat itself, since droughts and famines are manmade and relief works benefit more the Governmental and Non Governmental agencies.

In the end it is the common man who bears the brunt of ill framed policies and non implementation of wholistic relief measures.

The sufferers are the people to whom this land belongs, to whom these water bodies belong, in whose name the policies are made, for alleviation of whose woes the relief measures are meant and finally for whom these rains actually come.

There is a popular saying in the land that even if there is one good soul in a land, the rains will come for all.

Is there not even one such good soul in this land today?

Even if there is one and it rains for all, what is the use if it is not harnessed?

It is time now to seize this opportunity and volunteer for a better India – “You Turn India”.

More information on water harnessing and its role in the prosperity of India during the past as well as in future, is available in our book, “You Turn India”, a part of the Bharath Gyan Series.

              drought5                         Uturnindia

You Turn India

Vanchinathan

Vanchinathan is an Indian freedom fighter from the state of Tamil Nadu, and is well known for shooting down the British District Magistrate of Tirunelveli, Robert Ashe.

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Vanchinathan and his friends

Born in 1886 at Shenkottai, near Tenkasi, Vanchinathan was just 25 years, when he carried out this brave deed. This act was carried out when Ashe’s train stopped Maniyachi station, on the route to Madras. This station has been since named after this freedom fighter, as Vanchimaniyachchi Junction.

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Ashe as a part of the colonial ploy, had worked against the Swadeshi Shipping Company founded by V.O. Chidambaram Pillai.

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More on V O Chidambaram Pillai and the Swadeshi Shipping Company in our book, Brand Bharat.

Vanchinathan committed suicide, to escape being arrested by the Colonial rulers.

On his death, the following letter was discovered in his pocket.

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The Tamil Nadu Government has built a memorial at his birth place.

His death anniversary is observed every year on June 17th, the day he left his mortal coil in the year 1911.

This young martyr gave British a tough fight during his short stint.

Kabir Jayanthi

Saint to all

Kabir, the poet Saint lived between 1440 CE and 1518 CE.  Kabir’s life aimed to bring amity among the Hindu and Muslim community. He was one of those saintly personalities, revered by the Muslim, Hindu and Sikh communities.

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Kabir Panth

Kabir’s philosophy and poetry have influenced many across the world. There is a particular community who follow the legacy of Kabir under the name, Kabir Panth and have made His life and teachings their inspiration. Their numbers are estimated to be around 1 crore.

On His Birth

There are various legends to Kabir’s birth. One says, He is the son of a Brahmin widow adopted by a Muslim weaver family.

The name Kabir is derived from the 37th name of God in Islam, Al-Kabir, meaning “The Great One”.

Kabir’s main occupation was weaving. He was also a philosopher who enlightened people on how to weave through the challenges of life.

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A Disciple of Ramananda

Although, Kabir had an Islamic upbringing, He became the disciple of Hindu Saint Ramananda and was greatly influenced by the Indian thought of Vedanta and Advaita.

It is indeed very interesting to note how Kabir became a disciple of Ramananda.

Kabir knew very well that coming from a Muslim family, He would not be accepted by a Hindu Guru. So, he hid on the path near Ganga river, where Ramananda came to have his bath every day. As Ramananda came to have his bath, he mistakingly stepped on Kabir and exclaimed “Rama, Rama”. Kabir immediately declared that he had received his Guru mantra and that Ramananda should accept him as his disciple. Setting aside orthodoxy, Ramananda accepted Kabir as his disciple.

A devotee of Lord Rama and chanting the name Rama, Kabir realized Rama as the omnipresent divine principle.

A Disciple of Takki

Kabir’s Islamic roots tell that he also had Sufi Pir, Takki of Jhansi as his Master which acquainted him with Sufi philosophy.

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Kabir in his poems and teaching draws around the major principles, symbols and philosophy of both Muslim and Hindu thought. He spoke out against the dogmas of both religions.

Inspired Guru Arjan

His works inspired even the Sikh Guru Arjan, who included Kabir’s teachings in Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh text.

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His major works, His legacy

Kabir works include Kabir Granthwali, Sakhi Granth and Bijak. The main feature of these works are his two line couplets, ‘Kabir-ke Dohe’ which convey His teachings and have inspired many over last few hundred years.

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Kabir in stamps

The life and teachings of Kabir have been recognized since independence in many forms including through arts, cultural events and also through postal stamps.

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Message after death

On his death, there was a dispute between the Hindus and Muslims as to who should have the funeral rights of this saint. But, alas, when they lifted his kafan, only flowers were found. The Muslims buried half the flowers and Hindus, the other half. Thus, Kabir became a symbol of religious unity.

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The birthday of Kabir is recognized as the day of religious amity.

Father’s Day

The third Sunday of June is celebrated as Father’s day.

Initiated by Sonoro

The idea was first initiated by Sonora Smart Dodd in the year 1910.

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Proclaimed by President Johnson

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In the year 1966, after many a tribulations, US President Lyndon B Johnson officially proclaimed Father’s day to be celebrated on the third Sunday of every June.

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Pithru Devo Bhava

In the Indian thought, father is referred to as Divine, Pithru Devo Bhava.

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Pitr Paternal Peter Petra

The word Pitr, meaning father in Samskrt language is etymological similar to the English word ‘paternal’, from which came the word ‘father’. The word is also similar to the European name Peter and the famous archaeological city, Petra in Jordon.

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Ptah

The Egyptian Father God is called Ptah. Here also, the word Ptah is found to be both phonetically and conceptually similar to the Indian word Pitah, meaning father.

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More on this is discussed is our book Creation.

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Father’s name for lineage

In almost all civilizations of the world, their children take on their father’s name or father’s lineage. Even in a matriarchal or matrilineal society, it is the father’s name that is carried forth.

Biological sharing: X and Y

Of the two chromosome, a Father has X and Y chromosomes while the mother has only X chromosomes. A father thus shares both X and Y chromosomes with his offsprings.

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Not just biological

The word Pitr, father is however not be limited to a biological father. Infact the word Father has a more encompassing connotation such as,

• Father to family
• Father to community
• Father to society
• Father to nation

There is a distinctive role for the Father at each of the levels.

Mahatma Gandhi

In case of India, Mahatma Gandhi is referred to as Father of the Nation, for the great role he played in the Freedom of the country.

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God Father

The Italians brought in a concept of God Father apart from the biological father wherein you need a benefactor to progress through life.

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Purusha

Thus, the father is not just a provider for life, but also a benefactor.

In Samskrt, this role is referred to as Purusha. The Sun is Purusha, Father for this Solar System.

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Pitahmahah Brahma

Not only that, even today, the word Pitahmahah in India, is also used to denote Brahma, who is revered as the Father of Creation.

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Bhishma Pitahmahah

In Mahabharata, Bhishma is referred to as Bhishma Pitahmahah, meaning, the great father even though he did not sire any children.

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Encompassing Father

Thus, we see that the word Father has an all encompassing connotation.

On every Father’s day, let us recognize the role that the fathers play in raising his family, for it is the family bond which holds the community, society and a nation together.

Vata Purnima

“Vata Purnima” is a festival that is celebrated in GujaratMaharashtra and Karnataka on a Full Moon day in the month of Jyeshta-June. Purnima refers to the Full Moon in this month.

Vata Vriksha – The Banyan Tree

Vata Vriksha, the Banyan tree is intertwined with the traditions of India from time immemorial. The botanical name for this tree is “Ficus Benghalensis”. It is a tree that grows all over India.

Vat Vriksha

Vata Vriksha, Banyan tree

Vata Purima and Savitri -Satyavan

The legend of Vata Purnima is connected with the story of Savitri and Satyavan.

Savitri and Satyavan were a young married couple. One day while resting, with his head on Savitri’s lap, under a Banyan tree, Satyavan breathed his last. Savitri, a devout wife could feel the presence of Yama, the Lord of death at this moment. When Yama turned to leave with Satyavan’s soul, Savitri with determination, started following Yama, to ask him to return Satyavan’s life.

Savithri Sathyavan story

Savitri debating with Yama

Savitri’s dogged pursuit of Yama and her winning debate with him, made Yama restore Satyavan’s life as a boon to her.

Savitri returned to the Banyan tree, Vata Vriksha and found Satyavan stirring back to life. This Banyan tree, which was a witness to the death defying devoutness of Savitri, came to be associated with the power of faith and perseverance and with longevity.

This event gained popularity through the ages and came to be observed as Vata Purnima festival. For, it was under the Banyan tree, that Satyavan’s life was plucked and later restored. The perseverance of Savitri in a trying circumstance, her overcoming the odds and winning over Yama with wit and thereby getting back her husband to life, is a story that finds resonance with every devout married woman.

Vata Purnima – The Fasting Festival

Praying for a long life for their spouses and a timeless togetherness, women observe a fast and tie a string around a Vata Vriksha on Vata Purnima.

The tying of the string around the girth of the Vata Vriksha is a gesture to symbolize that the bond between the husband and the wife should be as strong as that between Savitri and Satyavan. That their progeny should grow as the roots and shoots of the Banyan too.

Women celebrating Vata Purnima

Vata Purnima celebration by women in India

While the Vata Purnima festival is celebrated in Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat to commemorate Savitri-Satyavan legend, similar festivals are also celebrated in other parts of India on other days. For example, the Karadaiyan Nombu is celebrated in Tamil Nadu around March where married women and girls tie a yellow thread around their neck to symbolize a strong, immortal bond between husband and wife.

Vata Patra Sayi

The Vata leaf is found in art forms as a leaf floating on waters with the divine child, Balakrishna sucking His toe in the classic pose of a baby. This depiction of Krishna is called Vata Patra Sayi. Patra means leaf and Sayi, is one who is resting. It comes from Sayana meaning to repose, recline.

Vata Patra Sayi

Vata Patra Sayi

Vata Vriksha, the Tree of Knowledge

The Vata tree also symbolizes knowledge, the timeless knowledge of the land. For, it is under this tree that Dakshinamurthi, the divinity associated with knowledge, imparts knowledge in silence to his four Sishya, disciples.

Vata and Gita

Lord Krishna gave the Gita Upadesa beside a Banyan Tree, Vata Vriskha, in Kurukshetra. Portions of this Banyan tree are believed to have survived to this day. The Vata Vriksha in Jyotisar, Kurukshetra, is believed to be a part of the original tree that was a witness to the Gita Upadesa.

Banyan tree Gita

Banyan Tree at Jyotisar, Kurukshetra

Vata and Nothing

An interesting point to note is that, the seed of such a mighty tree like Banyan is so small and when you break open that small seed, what you see inside is a hollow space. Indeed it is hollow and empty!

Similarly the vast Universe that we see around us too has come from such nothingness, Shunya. Shunya is not literally nothing. It is referred to as there is no point of reference to this tattva, concept in Creation. In reality, this nothing is everything, the source of whole Creation. This nothingness is also referred to as Chit. The sublime consciousness.

The Shunya Vada discussion, takes us there.

This timeless truth was revealed to Shweta Ketu by his father Rishi Uddalaka. This incident is recorded in the Chandogya Upanishad.

Vata Vriksha – A Meeting place

It is under a banyan tree that travellers rest. For, this tree is wide enough to accommodate even a caravan full of travellers and provide shade from the heat that beats down most parts of India. It is during this rest that people are regaled with stories and legends are told and retold across generations, across time.

The Vata Vriksha has been a focal point for the culture of the land.

It has been one of the favoured spots for trading. Traders in India are called baniya. The common name “Banyan” for this tree, originated from the fact that this tree was the meeting center of the baniya.

Vata Vriksha – Tree of Life, Fertility

Banyan tree is a tree that sprouts roots, also from its branches. They grow downwards from the branches, go into the ground, to give rise to an extension of the tree. The Banyan tree is hence also called Nyagrodha meaning that which is growing downwards too. The Banyan tree is considered timeless, for, its aerial shoots spread wide and develop roots that support the spreading branches, enabling the tree to spread far and wide.

This is how the Banyan tree, over time, spreads wide over many acres.

Due to this felicity to propagate far and wide, across time, across generations of trees, the Banyan tree has connotations with life, longevity, fertility and timelessness. In many parts of India, the placenta of a newborn child is buried at the foot of a Banyan praying for its longevity.

With the legend of Savitri-Satyavan, the Banyan came to be connected with timeless bonding between a couple.

In common parlance, fertility which gives rise to a new life, is synonymous with the biological functions in the female gender, a woman. It points to the progeny arising from the union of a man and woman alone.

Fertility concept however, extends beyond, to encompass everything that creates and sustains life such as

  • the land resource which acts as the womb from which grows our food
  • the water resource which helps germinate anything on the land,
  • the seeds that germinate life every season and
  • the cows and other organisms that nourish the soil – in short fertilize the soil.

It is this encompassing nature in Nature that is also to be venerated as fertility – fertility in Mother Nature. The Banyan tree, as the Tree of Life reminds us of this aspect in Nature.

Significance of Vata Purnima

The Vata Purnima fast, not only signifies an everlasting, timeless, strong bonding between a husband and wife, but the association of this fast with the Vata Vriksha ascribes a deeper significance to it.

A message that, the timeless association between the husband and wife, is for the creation of progeny who will take the roots of the family, civilization and mankind far into future.

A message that, fertility that gives rise to life is not limited to that which springs from the womb of a woman alone but encompasses everything in Mother Nature too, which sustain life on earth.

Vata Purnima is the occasion to pray that the thread that binds man and woman as well as the fertility chain, stays timeless, sustained year after year, generation after generation, century after century, millennia after millennia.

K S Krishnan

Dr. K. S. Krishnan is one of the foremost scientists that modern India has produced. He was born on 4th December 1898 into a Vaishnava family in Watrap village of Ramnad district in south Tamil Nadu.

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Education

He had his early education at Hindu High School in Watrap. He was proficient in Tamil, Samskrt and English. He not only read the palm leaf manuscripts, but also wrote on palm leaves daily in his childhood days. He graduated in Physics from Madras Christian College Tambaram, Chennai, in 1918.

First Observer of Raman Effect

From there he moved on to Kolkata which was the centre of science in India in those days. There he came under the tutelage of Dr. C V Raman. He worked along with Dr. C V Raman and was infact the person who first observed the ‘Phenomenon of the Scattering of Light’ on February 28th, 1928. This came to be called the Raman Effect. It was for this discovery that Dr. C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize, in 1930.

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Noble Prize

Later Dr C V Raman wrote to Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the then Vice Chancellor of Waltair University in Vishakapatnam,

“If the noble award for physics made in 1930, had been based on the record of the year, 1928 alone, instead of on the entire work, on the scattering of light, done at Kolkata from 1921 onwards, Krishnan would in justice have come in for a share of the prize.”

This written testimonial of Dr C V Raman shows how important the contribution of Dr Krishnan was in getting the Noble Laureate.

Working with Dr Bose

In Kolkata, Dr. Krishnan had the opportunity of working shoulder to shoulder with the greats of his time like professor S N Bose of Bose Einstein Condensate statistics.

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S. N. Bose was later recognized with the attribution of the scientific term, ‘Boson’ for the Higgs-Boson or what has come to be popularly called God Particle in recent times.

Three Awards in Science

After this in December 1928, he moved to Dhaka University for a few years. When he left the university, he bequeathed his gratuity benefits for three awards in science – Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

The award to the students then was a princely Rs 50 per year. These awards are still being continued to students in Dhaka, even after the place passed on from India to East Pakistan and from East Pakistan to Bangladesh.

Friend of Jawahar Lal Nehru

Dr. Krishnan was a close friend of Jawahar lal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. Nehru described him as,

“He is a great scientist, but something much more. He is a perfect citizen, a whole man with an integrated personality.”

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Nehru used to often invite Dr. Krishnan for personal breakfasts and state dinners, whenever visiting dignitaries came to India. Indira Gandhi used to personally send these invites to him, respectfully addressing him as uncle. Such was the high esteem he was held in the formative years of India.

Head of NPL

When he moved to Allahabad University post independence, Jawahar lal Nehru handpicked him to lead the newly established National Physical Laboratories out of Delhi.

When Nehru offered him the role, the first two times he refused as he did not want the administrative role, but wanted to do research. But the third time, he could not refuse Nehru and became the first head of NPL.

He continued in the position from 1948, when the institution was founded until his death due to a sudden heart attack on 14th June, 1961.

Awards and Recognition

He was honoured with knighthood in 1946, by the British government and with the Padma Bhushan by the government of India in 1955. He was a visiting faculty at over 30 international universities. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1940. In 1957, he was the first recipient of the Bhatnagar award for science in India.

Prestigious Posts

UNESCO appointed him as the chairman of the scientific advisory committee.

He was the vice-president of International Union of Pure and Applied Physics from 1951 to 1957.

A simple man

His achievements are far and wide. For all this, he remained a simple man. To whichever city he went, be it Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai or Dhaka, he used to regularly visit the local temple in the evenings and give pravachan, discourse on the convergence, overlap of science and spirituality. This was unique for a modern scientist who strode at the very pinnacle of modern science.

World Blood Donation Day

Lohini, Loha, Haem, Haemoglobin

Blood is known by the name Raktha in Samskrt. Raktha means nourishment, desire, red and blood. Blood is also called lohini in Samskrt, for, it contains loha, iron. In the Greek language it is referred to as haem for iron. It is from the word “haem” that we get the word “haemoglobin”.

 Heart – “Hrdayam

The blood is continuously circulated in our body by our heart, hrdayam. The very word “heart” traces its etymological roots to the Smskrt word “hrdayam”.

The word “hrdayam” itself is a technical word based on the functionality of the heart.

“Hrdayam”-Give, Take, Circulate

Harathi, means “to take” and from which is taken the syllable “Hr”.

Dadathi means “to give” from which is taken the syllable “da”. The word “Dhana”, meaning “donation”, comes from the same root.

Yathi, Yam means to circulate. The activity of circulation is called Yam.

When we join the syllables, Hr+ Da+ Yam, we get the technically coined word “Hrdayam”, which brings to us the functioning aspect of the heart.

‘Heart to donate blood’

But for the continuous circulation of blood in the body, life would come to a halt.

While the heart represents the aspect of circulation of blood for our body to live, we need to have the heart to give dhana, to donate our blood and ‘circulate’ it among the needy in the society.

In other words, yathi, yam means “to circulate”, for which, “we get in return” harathi, satisfaction and heartful gratitude.

So, hrdayam, heart circulates the blood in our body to rejuvenate us. Those of us who have a heart, hrdayam need to donate, circulate blood and gain satisfaction, gratitude.

 A beautiful blend of hrdayam, both for oneself and the society at large!

With this thought in mind, let us donate blood as frequently as medically permitted, to give life, to rejuvenate our society.

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