The Poona Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and B R Ambedkar that was signed on September 24th, 1932 at Yerwada Central Jail in Pune.
In the 1932, the British decided to allow Self-Rule for native Indians under a constitution.
In order to frame a constitution, the British invited top Indian leaders. Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Ambedkar and Jawahar Lal Nehru attended the conferences organized by the British to draft the constitution.
At one of the conferences, there were differences between Gandhi and Ambedkar.
The Second Conference where there were differences between Gandhi and Ambedkar
Ambedkar wanted separate electorate status for the ‘lower caste’ in the lines of those for Muslims and Christians.
Gandhiji was vehemently against such status as he felt this would disunite the Indians, particularly the Hindu community. He started an indefinite fast at Yerwada Central Jail from September 20th.
An agreement was reached between the two leaders on September 24th at Pune which has been termed the ‘Poona Pact’.