Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya’s is among the greatest Engineers that this country has ever seen. He is known to have built many structures throughout his life. He built the Vidhana Sabha Assembly in Bangalore. The dams built by him stand to this day as a testimony of his great engineering skills. His birthday is thus an occasion to honour all engineers.
Sir M Visvesvaraya
Birth and Education
Sir Visvesvaraya was born on 15th September, 1860 at Muddenahalli village of Chickballapur district in Karnataka.
Birthplace of Sir M Visvesvaraya
He did his graduation in Arts from Madras University in 1881 and went on to pursue civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune.
Sir Visvesvaraya’s first major project was when he joined the Indian Irrigation Commission where he was give the task of constructing an irrigation system for the Deccan region.
Flood Security System, Hyderabad
His next major work was to build flood security system in Hyderabad.
Father of Karnataka
Karnataka is a state that has benefited greatly from the skills of Sir Visvesvaraya. He is considered the ‘Father of Karnataka’.
Role in many industrial ventures
His skills both as an engineer came into play in many projects that have this day become major institutions and industries. He played a major role in the building of
*Iron and Steel Company in Bhadravati
*The Mysore Soap Factory,
*The Bangalore Agricultural University,
*Vidhana Soudha Assembly, Bangalore,
*The State Bank of Mysore, Bangalore and
*Jayachamrajendra Polytechnic Institute among many other industrial ventures.
Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant, Bhadravati
Jayachamrajendra Polytechnic Institute
Vidhana Soudha, Karnataka Assembly, Bangalore
State Bank of Mysore, Bangalore
He was also the chief engineer of the construction of Krishna Raja Sagar Dam.
Krishna Raja Sagar Dam
An Administrator and a Visionary
Sir Visvesvaraya was not only a great engineer and outstanding administrator but was also a visionary.
There are many anecdotes about his integrity and honesty.
He used to use the candle, pen and ink provided by the government when writing notes related to work and, use his own candle, pen and ink when writing letter to his wife.
Engineer’s oath & Sir M Visvesvaraya
The Canadian universities, engineering graduates, oath ceremony for graduation reads,
Engineer giving his oath
When we go through the oath ceremony, we realize that Sir Visvesvaraya actually lived the above oath through his life.
Commander of Indian Empire
For his great engineering skills and contribution in the same field, he was made the Commander of Indian Empire by King George 5.
Sir Visvesvaraya was conferred the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in the country, in 1955.
Bharat Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya with Jawaharlal Nehru
Sir Visvesvaraya lived till the age of 101 and passed away on 12th April, 1962.
Sir M Visvesvaraya memorial in Muddennahali
Educational Institutions in Name
Today, there are many educational institutions in his name in the country such as the Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology in Nagpur, Visvesvaraya College of Engineering in Bangalore and Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum.
Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum
His statues can be found in many places across the state of Karnataka.
A Statue of Sir M Visvesvaraya
A stamp has been released in his honour by the Government of India.
Engineers, the problem solver
Engineers are the foundation of any developed civilization. India being the oldest surviving civilization has a long lineage of Engineers who are referred to as Vishvakarma.
Why Engineers are called ‘Engineers’?
Is it from ‘Engine’?
But steam engine was made only in the 19th century whereas engineering as a profession came in to existence centuries before.
The word ‘Engineer’ has nothing to do with the word engine. Engineer did not originate in Engine. The word ‘Engineer’ originated from ‘ingenium’ which is a Latin word meaning ingenius meaning someone who solves problems that elude normal persons.
From ‘ingenium’ came ‘ingenieur’ ( which is the French word for engineer even now) and from it came the English word Engineer.
Engineers are ingenius people who solve the problems for the society and ameliorate life of all.
Let us honour them
Let us on this Engineer’s day honour Bharat Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya along with engineers of modern India.