Croatian Roots in Sarasvati
The origins of the Croatians can be found to be intertwined with the river Sarasvati that used to flow through India.
The land of Croatia has been called Hrvatska and its language Hrvati for long, after the Sarasvati River of India, in whose memory and honour, the present day Helmand in Afghanistan was earlier called Harauvati / Harahvaiti by them as they migrated from their original homeland in Sindu – Sarasvati Valley, through Afghan and Persia (Iran), to found their home in Croatia.
Helmand River, Afghanistan
One branch of people migrated from the Sindhu Sarasvati River Valley to the river Harauvati in Afghanistan, from where they went to Persia, and from there migrated via Black Sea and finally settled down in a land which they came to call as Hrvatska. They later came to be know Croat, which got anglicised as Croatia.
The Croatians trace their ancient lineage from their present land to Black Sea, and from there further South East to Old Persia.
When we link the name Hrvatska, we see a clear link to the river Hravati that runs in Afghanistan, which in turn is the name given to the Sarasvati River. This establishes the Indo-Croatia Connect from both sides, i.e. from Indic research of the migrations that happened, with the desication of the Sarasvati river, and from the Croatian side, their original home land being in the eastern world.
Just as Indians are fighting myths about their identity, another group of people surrounded by myths about their identity are the Croatians.
Croatia came under Yugoslavia when it was formed in 1918. Croatia was forced to become a totally Slavic nation in many a sense such as language, culture, customs and more. Much of its antiquity was suppressed by the ruling political regime then. However, what little survived, of the over 200 year old research done by those who wanted to keep Croatian memory alive, despite the Yugoslavic suppression, shows a different story.
It traces how Croatians have their roots in Iran. With more and more of these works finding their way upto the public, it is not only an Iranian root that is emerging but an Indian connect as well.
The description of ancient Croats has now been traced across times through Persia.
Summarized from “The Old Iranian Origin of Croats”, Paper by Late Prof. Lovric in the Proceedings of Symposium, Zagreb, June 4, 1998
Of significant interest to India, is the paper by Mato Marcinko in the 1998 Zagreb Symposium, which discusses the origin and gradual evolution of the Croats as they migrated from their “Indian Homeland” to Persia, to Caucasus and finally upto the Adriatic.
Mato further traces this evolution from India in the following linguistic and geographical sequence:
- From Vedic Sarasvati to
- Harahvaiti and Harauvati in ancient Iran and Afghanistan, to
- Hurrwuhe and Hurravat in Armenia and Kurdistan, to
- Horouathos in Azov and Black Sea, to
- Medieval harvati and Horvati, to
- Hrvati in Croatia today.
This shows how linguistically, Sa changed to Ha through Persia and further Ha to Ca, a guttural Ca sound with air expelled as in Ha, closer to the Adriatic and Greece.
Evidence of India being the original homeland of the Croats also lies in the name Harauvati they gave for the river flowing through Afghanistan. It flows even today as Helmand. It is obvious that the Croats carried memories of life along Sarasvati as they moved.
Infact, this river Sarasvati, Harauvati and the land around it is called Arachosia by the Greek, showing a morphing of Ha to Ca as well as the dropping of the Ha in the beginning, just as they did to “Hind” to make it “Ind”.
Following many searches and researches, the recent administrations in Croatia have accepted and made official that the origin of the Croats or Hrvats as they call themselves, lies in the Indo-Iranian belt. So much so that, their internet domain has always been .hr just like India’s is .in.
Researchers such as Dr.Samar Abbas, who have been studying Iranian history, clearly show a philological, cultural and traditional connect between Croats, Serbs and the Jats of India.
For others it may be Croatia, but for the Croats, it is Hravtska, Hrvati from Harauvati aka Sarasvati.
The other, black and white, clear connect of the Croats with Indo-Iran comes from a highly unexpected evidence.
Croatian Coat of Armour
The Croats show their memories of their Indo-Iranian past in the chessboard like coat of arms in the flag of Croatia. Chess is after all a game that went from India to Persia. Who knows, perhaps it was these Croats or Hrvats who took it with them as they moved from their Indian homeland and later from their Iranian homeland.
Croatian Coat of Arms, older and not later than 1494, from the remains of Church of St. Lucija, Jurandvor near Baska, island of Krk
Source – www.croatianhistory.net
Regni Sigillum, State Stamp of the Kingdom of Croatia and Dalmatia from 1527 with the display of the Croatian coat of arms, stamp of the Cetinski Parliament Source – http://www.croatianhistory.net
Flag of Croatia today
Many Croatian historians trace this flag to their ancestry from the counsellor of the Sassanid king Khosrau I called Bozorgmehr. Bozorgmehr, Buzurgmihr or Dadimihr as he was variously called to denote his elderliness, was indeed mentioned in Persian literature and paintings as the one who exchanged Indian Chaturanga and Persian Nard between India and Iran.
A Painting from Bayasanghori Shahnameh showing Buzurgmihrplaying chess with IndiansSource – Housed in Golestan Palace, Tehran,Iran, Photo
– Unesco Photo Gallery
Buzurgmihr or Dadmihr demonstrating Nard to an Indian King
The roots and migration of the Croats, confirms the roots and migration of Chess.
Researchers such as Dr. Samar Abbas, who have been studying Iranian history, clearly show a philological, cultural, traditional as well as genetic connect between Croats, Serbs and the Jats of India.
More on the Indo-Croatian Connect in our book, Autobiography Of India – Brand Bharat – Roots In India.