The Indian Army is the third largest army in the world after the People’s Liberation army of China and the US Army, with 1,129,900 Active personnel and 960,000 Reserve personnel.
The roots of the Indian army can be traced to the Madras regiment.
This was the first regiment formed in 1746. It was raised under Major Stringer Lawrence. This has grown into the Indian Army of today.
In 1746, there was a war in the outskirts of Madras called the Adyar War. It was fought between the French commanders who had thousand soldiers on his side against the local Nawab who has a 10,000 strong army. The local Nawab was routed at the Adyar Estuary. The handful of British who were present there were bystanders during the war.
Major stringer Lawrence who was present then collected all the local soldiers post this battle, made them into a fighting force and called them the Madras Army.
This is the genesis of the Indian Army.
Here is an interesting anecdote on how it became a fully Indian army post Independence and then grew from strength to strength.
Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, in recognition of Lieutenant General K. M. Cariappa’s taking over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher, the last British Commander-in-Chief of India, on 15 January 1949.