M Visveshvarya

Sir Mokshagundam Visveshvarya’s is among the greatest Engineers that this country has ever seen. He is known to have built many structures throughout his life. He built the Vidhana Sabha Assembly in Bangalore. The dams built by him stand to this day as a testimony of his great engineering skills. His birthday is thus an occasion to honour all engineers.


Sir M Visveshvarya

Birth and Education

Sir Visveshvarya was born on 15th September, 1860 at Muddenahalli village of Chickballapur district in Karnataka.


Birthplace of Sir M Visveshvarya

He did his gradutation in Arts from Madras University in 1881 and went on to pursue civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune.

First Project

Sir Visveshvarya’s first major project was when he joined the Indian Irrigation Commission where he was give the task of constructing an irrigation system for the Deccan region.

Flood Security System, Hyderabad

His next major work was to build flood security system in Hyderabad.

Father of Karnataka

Karnataka is a state that has benefited greatly from the skills of Sir Visveshvarya. He is considered the ‘Father of Karnataka”.

Role in many industrial ventures

His skills both as an engineer came into play in many projects that have this day become major institutions and industries. He played a major role in the building of

*Iron and Steel Company in Bhadravati

* the Mysore Soap Factory,

* the Bangalore Agricultural University,

*Vidhana Soudha Assembly, Bangalore,

 *The State Bank of Mysore, Bangalore and

*Jayachamrajendra Polytechnic Institute among many other industrial ventures.


Visveshvarya Iron and Steel Plant, Bhadravati


Jayachamrajendra Polytechnic Institute


Vidhana Soudha, Karnataka Assembly, Bangalore


State Bank of Mysore, Bangalore

He was also the chief engineer of the construction of Krishna Raja Sagar Dam.


Krishna Raja Sagar Dam

 An Administrator and a Visionary

Sir Visveshvarya was not only a great engineer and outstanding administrator but was also a visionary.


There are many anecdotes about his integrity and honesty.

He used to use the candle, pen and ink provided by the government when writing notes related to work and, use his own candle, pen and ink when writing letter to his wife.

Engineer’s oath & Sir M Visveshvarya

The Canadian universities, engineering graduates, oath ceremony for graduation reads,



Engineer giving his oath

When we go through the oath ceremony, we realize that Sir Visveshvarya actually lived the above oath through his life.

Commander of Indian Empire

For his great engineering skills and contribution in the same field, he was made the Commander of Indian Empire by King George 5.

Bharat Ratna

Sir Visveshvarya was conferred the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in the country, in 1955.

11 12

                        Bharat Ratna                 Sir M Visveshvarya with Jawaharlal Nehru

Sir Visveshvarya lived till the age of 101 and passed away on 12th April, 1962.


Sir M Visveshvarya memorial in Muddennahali

Educational Institutions in Name

Today, there are many educational institutions in his name in the country such as the Visveshvarya National Institute of Technology in Nagpur, Visveshvarya College of Engineering in Bangalore and Visveshvarya Technological University, Belgaum.


Visveshvarya Technological University, Belgaum


His statues can be found in many places across the state of Karnataka.


A Statue of Sir M Visveshvarya

In Stamp

A stamp has been released in his honour by the Government of India.


Engineers, the problem solver

Engineers are the foundation of any developed civilization. India being the oldest surviving civilization has a long lineage of Engineers who are referred to as Vishvakarma.

Why Engineers are called ‘Engineers’?

Is it from ‘Engine’?

But steam engine was made only in the 19th century whereas engineering as a profession came in to existence centuries before.

The word ‘Engineer’ has nothing to do with the word engine. Engineer did not originate in Engine. The word ‘Engineer’ originated from ‘ingenium’ which is a Latin word meaning ingenius meaning someone who solves problems that elude normal persons.

From ‘ingenium’ came ‘ingenieur’ ( which is the French word for engineer even now) and from it came the English word Engineer.

Engineers are ingenius people who solve the problems for the society and ameliorate life of all.

Let us honour them

Let us on this Engineer’s day honour Bharat Ratna Sir M Visveshvarya along with engineers of modern India.


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