Gautama Siddhartha, “The Buddha”, “the enlightened one” not just a noble son of India, but this earth as well.
Not only has his thought and philosophy been benchmarks, His date of birth as well has been a benchmark in history.
Buddha’s eightfold middle path of right vision, right intention, right action, right speech, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration has guided millions in the path of spirituality for many centuries.
How many centuries back were these teachings given? In other words, when was Buddha born?
The colonial historians who visited India during the 17th and 18th century, found it difficult to fathom the history of India recorded in the traditional form of recording. They also grappled with the dating of these historical events as the thousands of years of time periods ran contrary to their views on the concept of time and Creation of the Universe.
Buddha, who seemed to be rather recent and had inscriptions and followers in these parts of the world venerating Him, became a benchmark for these colonial historians as they could relate more easily to Him.
The times of Buddha therefore became the yardstick for fixing all other dates in the history of India as these colonial historians fixed an imaginary date for Him.
The imaginary date of 483 BCE, for the Nirvana of Buddha, was assigned by the colonial historian E.J.Rapson. When propounding this date for Buddha, Rapson in his book, “Ancient India”, states,
“Exact date of Buddha’s nirvana is not known, and hence the popularly accepted date of Buddha’s nirvana is imaginary and can at best be taken as provisional.”
E.J.Rapson book – Ancient India
The question we need to ask here is that, in a scientific historical analysis, how can an imaginary or provisional date be taken as a benchmark and that too, to date another legendary hero of the land?
So when exactly was Buddha born?
In present time, the new field of archaeo-astronomy helps us accurately date events based on astronomical events.
The date arrived at using archaeo-astronomy method for the Birth Date of Buddha is 9th April, 1887 BCE.
Buddha’s Birth Chart
The details are given in our work “Historical Krishna”, which is part of the Bharath Gyan Series.
Historical Krishna Book